19 terms

Basic Landforms

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Terms in this set (...)

archipelago
a chain of islands
bay
a small body of water partly enclosed by land
canyon
a deep, narrow valley with high, steep sides
cape
a narrow point of land that extends out into a body of water
gulf
an arm of an ocean or sea that is partly enclosed by land
hill
land that is higher than a plain, but not as high or steep as a mountain
island
land that is surrounded on all sides by water
isthmus
a narrow strip of land that connects two large areas of land
lake
a body of water entirely surrounded by land
mountain
high, steep, rugged land that rises sharply from the surrounding area
mouth of a river
the place where a river empties into a larger body of water
peninsula
an area of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
plain
a broad area of open, flat land
plateau
a large area of high flat land
river
a large sream of water that flows from higher land to lower land
strait
a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water
tributary
a small river or stream that flows into a larger river
valley
the land that lies between mountains or hills
volcano
a cone-shaped mountain tha tis formed by lava erupting from a crack in the Earth's surface

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