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60 terms

Ancient World History Semester 1

STUDY
PLAY
Fertile Crescent
An arc of rich farmland in Southwest Asia, between the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea
City State
A city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit.
Dynasty
A series of rulers from a single family.
Cultural Diffusion
The spread of cultural elements from one society to another
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
Empire
a group of countries under a single authority
Hammurabi
King of the Babylonian empire; creator of the Code of Hammurabi, one of the world's oldest codes of law.
Delta
flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
Pharaoh
ruler of Ancient Egypt
mummification
embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy
hieroglyphics
a system of writing using symbols or pictures
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
monsoon
a seasonal wind in southern Asia
civilization
a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
loess
a fertile deposit of windblown soil
oracle bone
One of the animal bones or tortoise shells used by ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods.
mandate of heaven
in Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority
dynastic cycle
the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties.
feudalism
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
disaster
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
caravan
A group of traders traveling together, often through the desert.
unite
To bring together as one
tomb
a place for the burial of a corpse (especially beneath the ground and marked by a tombstone)
civil war
fighting between people within their own country
economy
the system of making and trading things.
basin
A bowl like area for storing water
isolate
set apart from others
plateau
A flat area that rises above the land close by.
canal
A waterway made by humans
invade
march aggressively into another's territory by military force for the purposes of conquest and occupation
artisan
a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft
ivory
a hard smooth ivory colored dentine that makes up most of the tusks of elephants and walruses
jade
A precious stone that is usually green
noble
A person of high birth
society
an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization
scribe
someone employed to make written copies of documents and manuscripts
symbol
something that stands for something else
fast
abstaining from food
hegira
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
idol
a material effigy that is worshipped as a god
koran
Holy book of Islam
alms
The money or care that one gives to the poor and the needy
haji
The pilgrimmage to Mecca that is a religious duty of all Muslims
jihad
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
contagious
able to spread from one person to another
surplus
extra of anything.
mosque
A muslim place of worship
Infidel
One who does not belive in the religion another person believes in.
slave
A person who someone owns and treats like property
clergy
The people who lead a religion
rebellion
A fight by people against a government, a struggle for change
renaissance
the revival of learning and culture
humanism
the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare
drama
A play to act out on a stage
sonnet
A 14 line poem about one idea
fresco
A painting done in wet plaster on a wall
patron
A person who supports the arts with money
portrait
A drawing of a person
chapel
A small church
vatican
the home of the pope.