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28 terms

Cognition Final Exam

Cognition Final Examination: Vocabulary Only
STUDY
PLAY
Reciprocity
Idea that if you do something for someone, they owe you something in return.
Social Proof
The determination of what is right by finding out what other people think is right
Realistic Optimism
The safe amount of optimism that allows for clear decision making, optimism within limits (boundary).
Demand Characteristic
Cue that makes participants aware of how the experimenter expects them to behave.
Metacogniton
Awareness about how you learn.
Mental Age
the level of intellectual development as measured by an intelligence test.
IQ
a measure of a person's intelligence as indicated by an intelligence test.
Inspection Time
the minimal time that subjects need to look at or listen to a pair of stimuli to detect the difference between them.
Choice Reaction Time
A measure of the speed of mental processing that takes place when someone must choose between several responses, depending on which stimulus is presented.
Lexical Access Time
To retrieve meanings and information for words from memory.
Contextualists
The environment directly effects how you view intelligence, both socially and culturally.
Artificial Intelligence
Computer systems that are designed to be intelligent.
Turing Test
The baseline for AI intelligence: can you determine the difference between a computer and a human speaker?
ELIZA
Computer therapist that responded as a non-directive individual capable of eliciting further elaboration from the patient.
Culture
Group of people with shared beliefs, values, religions etc.
Cultural Relativity
Effects how you perceive everything.
Culturally Universal
Consistent through all of mankind, regardless of culture.
Social Cognition
How we think about ourselves and others.
Reciprocity
The idea that an exchange of mutual value is useful in social interactions
Social Proof
Determining what is right by assessing what others believe is right.
Authority
Authority figures have greater powers of influence. Based on trust.
Scarcity
The idea that you must act now in order to reap benefits later. Loss if you don't.
Group Polarization
Groups will lean either one way or the other, they typically do not remain undecided on a topic.
Groupthink
The desire to get along with the group leads to poor decision making.
Emotional Intelligence
The ability to understand our emotions and use them better.
Affect Heuristic
We often make decisions based on how we feel.
Regret
Greater amounts of regret when completing actions in short term however positive affect if the results are "good".
Omission Bias
We have a bias to not act if given the option.