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Cognition Final Examination: Vocabulary Only


Idea that if you do something for someone, they owe you something in return.

Social Proof

The determination of what is right by finding out what other people think is right

Realistic Optimism

The safe amount of optimism that allows for clear decision making, optimism within limits (boundary).

Demand Characteristic

Cue that makes participants aware of how the experimenter expects them to behave.


Awareness about how you learn.

Mental Age

the level of intellectual development as measured by an intelligence test.


a measure of a person's intelligence as indicated by an intelligence test.

Inspection Time

the minimal time that subjects need to look at or listen to a pair of stimuli to detect the difference between them.

Choice Reaction Time

A measure of the speed of mental processing that takes place when someone must choose between several responses, depending on which stimulus is presented.

Lexical Access Time

To retrieve meanings and information for words from memory.


The environment directly effects how you view intelligence, both socially and culturally.

Artificial Intelligence

Computer systems that are designed to be intelligent.

Turing Test

The baseline for AI intelligence: can you determine the difference between a computer and a human speaker?


Computer therapist that responded as a non-directive individual capable of eliciting further elaboration from the patient.


Group of people with shared beliefs, values, religions etc.

Cultural Relativity

Effects how you perceive everything.

Culturally Universal

Consistent through all of mankind, regardless of culture.

Social Cognition

How we think about ourselves and others.


The idea that an exchange of mutual value is useful in social interactions

Social Proof

Determining what is right by assessing what others believe is right.


Authority figures have greater powers of influence. Based on trust.


The idea that you must act now in order to reap benefits later. Loss if you don't.

Group Polarization

Groups will lean either one way or the other, they typically do not remain undecided on a topic.


The desire to get along with the group leads to poor decision making.

Emotional Intelligence

The ability to understand our emotions and use them better.

Affect Heuristic

We often make decisions based on how we feel.


Greater amounts of regret when completing actions in short term however positive affect if the results are "good".

Omission Bias

We have a bias to not act if given the option.

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