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90 terms

Unit 16 Urinary System

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-uria
condition of the urine
dia-
through; across
-cele
hernia, swelling
cyst/o
urinary bladder
-ectasis
dilatation or distension of a hollow organ
glomerul/o
glomerulus (little ball)
lith/o
stone, calculus (calcium)
-lysis
breakdown, destruction, separation
nephr/o
means kidney
-pexy
surgical fixation
pyello
pelvis
ren/a
clean, pure
-tripsy
process of crushing
ureter/o
ureter (tube from kidney to bladder)
urethr/o
urethra (tube from bladder to outside body)
anuria
inability to urinate
catheterization
insertion of a tube through the urethra and into the urinary bladder for the purpose of withdrawing urine or inserting dye
cystalgia
pain in the urinary bladder
cystectomy
excision/removal of the bladder
cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
cystocele
hernia in which the urinary bladder protrudes through the wall of the vagina
cystography
radiographic imaging of the bladder
cystolith
a calculus formed in the bladder
cystopexy
the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
cystorrhagia
hemorrhage of the bladder
cystorrhaphy
suturing the bladder
cystoscopy
visual examination of the urinary bladder
diuresis
increased secretion of urine
diuretics
medications administered to increase urine secretion in order to rid the body of excess water and salt
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
enuresis
inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
epispadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
glomerulonephritis
nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
glomerulus
a small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body
hemodialysis
dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream
homeostasis
metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
hydronephrosis
accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
hydroureter
the distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked
hypospadias
an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis
incontinence
involuntary urination or defecation
interstitial cystitis
chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder
lithotomy
surgical removal of a stone (calculus)
lithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone
meatotomy
surgical incision made in the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
micturition
the discharge of urine
nephrectasis
the distention of the pelvis of the kidney
nephritis
an inflammation of the kidney
nephrolith
a calculus formed in the kidney
nephrolithiasis
the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney
nephrolithotomy
incision into the kidney for the removal of stones
nephrologist
a specialist in the study of the kidneys
nephrolysis
separating the kidney (from other body structures)
nephropathy
a disease affecting the kidneys
nephropexy
surgical fixation of the kidney
nephroptosis
prolapse of the kidney
nephropyosis
discharge or formation of pus in the kidney
nephrosis
a disease affecting the kidneys
nephrostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the kidney
nephrotic syndrome
a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol
nocturia
excessive urination at night
oliguria
production of an abnormally small amount of urine
paraspadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethral opening is on the side of the penis
peritoneal dialysis
procedure for removing toxic wastes when the kidney is unable to do so
polyuria
renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelogram
an X ray of the kidneys and ureters
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
pyeloplasty
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
pyelotomy
surgical incision into the renal pelvis
suprapubic
name of abdominal region just superior to pubic bone
uremia
accumulation in the blood of nitrogen-bearing waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
ureterectasis
dilation of the ureter
ureterectomy
excision/removal of the ureter
ureterolith
stone in the ureter
ureteroplasty
surgical repair of a ureter
ureterorrhagia
the discharge of blood from the ureter
ureterorrhaphy
surgical suturing of a ureter
ureterostenosis
stenosis of the ureter
urethralgia
pain in the urethra
urethritis
inflammation of the urethra
urethropexy
surgical fixation of the urethra
urethroplasty
surgical repair of the urethra
urethrorrhagia
bleeding from the urethra
urethrorrhaphy
suturing of the urethra
urethrorrhea
an abnormal discharge from the urethra
urethrostenosis
narrowing of the urethra
urethrostomy
surgical creation of a permanent opening between the urethra and the skin
urethrotomy
a surgical incision into the urethra for relief of a stricture
urography
Process of taking x-ray images of the urinary tract after injecting contrast.
vesicovaginal fissure
an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina