Music

STUDY
PLAY
Tempo
the speed of the music
Moderato
moderately, medium speed
Presto
extremely fast
Ritardando or rit.
gradually get slower
Accelerando or accel.
gradually get faster
Dynamics
volume of the music
Pianissimo or pp
very soft
Piano or p
soft
Mezzo piano or mp
medium soft
Mezzo forte or mf
medium loud
Forte or f
loud
Fortissimo or ff
very loud
Dynamic(volume)
volume changes
Crescendo
gradually get louder
Decrescendo
gradually get softer
Diminuendo
gradually get softer
Molto Crescendo
gradually get much louder
Articulations
the way a note is played- style markings
Slur
smooth, notes are connected
Legato
Smoothly connected singing
Staccato or .
Separated notes, short
Accent or >
Articulate loudly- place emphasis on the note
Meter
referring to the time signature a piece is in
Tempo Marking
a symbol that refers to the number of beats per minute
Key signature
indicates the sharps and flats in the music
Flat
lowers a note one half step
Sharp
raises a note one half step
Natural
returns the note to its original pitch
Time signature
indicates the number of beats in each measure
D.C.
Da Capo- return to the beginning of the piece
D.S.
Dal Segno- return to the segno (the sign)
Coda
the "tail end" of the piece
Intonation
matching the pitch of the same note- correct intonation means performing notes in tune
Balance
when the melody can be heard & all parts blend & are heard equally
Major
Music based on a major scale, with a positive, lighthearted feel
Minor
Music based on a minor scale, with a darker, mournful, gloomy feel
Classical style
traditional, serious style from the late 1700s- Haydn, Beethoven, Mozart, etc. instrumental (orchestral) or choral style
Jazz style
from the early 1900's on, uses blues notes, swing rhythms, and improvisation. Performed by many types of instrumental and vocal ensembles
Folk style
Music based on simple tunes passed from generation to generation, not always written down. Well known songs that often tell a story. Guitars and banjos used often to accompany voices
Gospel style
Mainly vocal/choral style with strong harmony, often used for religious purposes.
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