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Chapter 17

STUDY
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Ambulatory
semicircular walkway around the apse
Apocalyptic Vision
a vision of the Second Coming of Christ seated in majesty
Arch
crossing across a nave
Archivolt
a molded band framing an arch
Barrel vaulting
a semi-cylindrical structure made up of successive arches
Bay
subdivision of the interior space of a building
Campanile
bell tower of a church
Cloister
a monastery courtyard usually with covered walkways
Compound Piers
are piers with columns or pilasters attached to the rectangular cores
Crusades
armed pilgrimages armed at recovering the Holy Land from the Turks
Crypt
vaulted space under part of a building in churches under the apse
Embroidery
designs sewn on the cloth with threads
Feudalism
the political, social and economic system which governed medieval society in Europe
Groin Vault
the result of the intersection of two barrel vaults which produces a bay of four compartments
Indulgence
a remission of whole or part of the temporal punishment due to sin
Jamb
side posts of a doorway
Pilgrimage Choir
in a Romanesque choir this consists of apse, ambulatory and radiating chapels
Pilgrimage Type Church
one visited by many of the groups of faithful to venerate relics of the saints for grace and indulgences. The nave was increased in length; the side aisles were doubled and extended around the ambulatory to facilitate the flow of crowds.
Portal
monumental doorway usually decorated with elaborate embellishment
Quadripartite Vaulting
four part vaulting system
Radiating Chapels
a series of small chapels for the display of relics, which were arranged around an ambulatory
Relics
bits of bones, clothing or instruments of torture were revered by the faithful as instruments of healing
Reliquary
a chest or repository for the keeping or displaying of relics
Ribs
supporting arches along the groins of the vaults
Romanesque
(1050-1200) a heavy, solid architectural style which was characterized by round arches, great stone portals, rich decoration and massive stone walls.
Sexpartite Vaulting
six part vaulting system
Springing
the lowest stone of an arch
Tapestry
designs were woven into cloth
Tribunes
upper galleries over the inner aisle and opening down into nave for over flow crowds
Trumeau
a central post supporting a lintel
Tympanum
prominent semi circular lunette above a doorway