32 terms

The Final Few Chapter 21

spoils system
practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs
- make illegal payments to in exchange for favors or influence

- Landlords would pay bribes to government officials to have them look the other way instead of enforcing laws
people who believe industries should be publicly owned (owned by government)
- Reform movement
- focused on reforms such as political corruption and business abuses.
the action of incorporating a racial or religious group into a community
domination of a market by only a few businesses
control of a product or service by one company
Federal Reserve Act
passed to regulate banking
Federal Trade Commission
Investigated corporations for unfair trade practices
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
national organization which supported prohibition
Society of American Indians
- Founded by Dr. Carlos Montezuma

- a group of Native American Indians that worked for social justice and tried to educate americans about their way of life
Women's Trade Union League - encouraged women to form unions
American Protective Association
- anti-Catholic secret society founded in Iowa
Justice Department
- The United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws.

- Responsible for "TAKING ACTION AGAINST TRUST" to enforce the Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts
Eugene Debs
- Prominent socialist leader
- founded the American Railroad Union and led the 1894 Pullman Strike.
Lincoln Steffens
muckraking journalist who exposed corrupt city governments
James Garfield
20th President of the United States, assasinated by someone who he would not give a job too.

- Against Patronage/Spoils system - Thought that people should get government jobs on the basis of merit or ability rather then as a political reward.,
Robert La Follette
- Progressive Wisconsin Governor
- Established the "Wisconsin idea" that created DIRECT PRIMARIES for selecting a state senate candidates (old way was the state legislature selected federal senators now the people voted for them in primary elections)
Grover Cleveland
- 22nd and 24th president (2 terms),
- achieved the Interstate Commerce Commission and civil service reform
Woodrow Wilson
28th U.S. President after Taft 1912. Democratic
William Mckinley
President that was assassinated. VP Roosevelt became president
Frances Willard
Leader of Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
Jane Addams
founded Hull House
Maggie Lena
was the first female bank president
Ida Tarbell
Leading muckraking journalist whose articles documented the Standard Oil Company's abuse of power
idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs
Web Dubois
- and founder of the NAACP
- Thought the right to vote was the best way to get equality
National Negro Business League
founded by Booker T. Washington to promote business developments among African Americans
National American Woman Suffrage Association
militant suffragist organization founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
Interstate Commerce Act
- Regulated railroad activities
- Had to charge reasonable rates
Who wanted to change spoils system?
Runtherford B Hayes and James Garfield
Pendleton Act
a law that created the Civil Service Commission