Terms in this set (82)
A comical piece of writing that mocks the characteristics of a specific literary form
An imaginative story handed down through generations and believed, but not proved, to have a historical basis
a literary work that contains many highly unrealistic elements, such as magic.
In Arthur Becomes King of England, State one fact about the following characters: Sir Ector, Kay, Wart, King Pellinore, Sir Grummore.
Sir Ector: father of Kay
Kay: knight in training, son of Sir Ector
Wart: a.k.a Arthur, raised by Sir Ector, squire
King Pellinore: announces that the King is dead.
Sir Grummore: pessimistic, keeps repeating, "the king is dead, long live the king."
What does the name "the Wart" suggest about how other members of the court treat his character?
They find him annoying and unneeded
How does this treatment of the Wart make the outcome of the trip to London surprising?
The one they all discarded is now king
How does the author introduce the sword in the stone? Why does he do this?
King Pellinore explains the prophecy, and Sir Ector and Grummore think he is speaking nonsense. The author does this to poke fun at the Arthurian legend.
What important information did the Wart miss while he was out of the room?
Everything about the prophecy of the sword in the stone in London
Explain Kay and Wart's reactions to Merlyn's departure.
Kay is not emotional while Wart is very sad.
Explain Kay's action when he realizes he doesn't have his sword.
He is angry at his own stupidity and sends Wart to go fetch it for him. He treats Wart as his servant and believes he is above him.
Identify two specific details that White includes in his description of London.
It was crowded, loud. They couldn't find a place and luckily Sir Ector had an apartment
Why doesn't the Wart recognize the significance of the sword he sees in the anvil?
He wasn't in the room when they discussed the prophecy
Why did Sir Ector not simply accept Kay's claim that he himself pulled the sword out?
Not only does he know his sons character, but he also wants him to understand the responsibility one has when he/she is king.
State/explain 2 examples of how T.H. White pokes fun at the Arthurian legends with a light and humorous attitude.
When King Pellinore is trying to tell the prophecy and everyone is treating him like a moron. He also confuses next of kin to next of skin. And heir with hair.
How do Kay and Sir Ector treat Wart at the end of Arthur Becomes King of England? Explain.
They kneel before him since he is now king and they must show him respect.
In Arthur Becomes King of England, What is the news King Pellinore brings to Sir Ector, Sir Grummore, Kay, and the nurse?
The king is dead
Explain an element an example of fantasy from the legend. (Arthur Becomes King of England)
Merlin and his owl are fantasies because they are magical and unrealistic.
What is the "story" that King Pellinore tries to tell everyone? (Arthur becomes king of England)
The prophecy of the sword and the stone
How does Kay convince his father to go to London? (2 reasons)
1. For the knight tournament and 2. To show that the Ector family had a chance of pulling the sword.
What does Kay realize on the day of the tournament?
He left his sword at the inn
Explain what happens when Wart tries to pull the sword from the stone. (3 facts)
It doesn't work the first or second time. He asks Merlin for help and music starts playing and animals and old friends pop out of nowhere and encourage him to keep going. He pulls out the sword.
What is Wart's reaction when he tries to pull out the sword from the stone. What does this say about his character?
He's persistent and doesn't give up.
Do you think the Wart is a type of person who will make a good leader? Why?
Yes and no because although he is respectful, humble, and open-minded, he is also emotional and anxious.
List/explain a quotation from the story that shows how Arthur reacts to his newly won fame.
"Oh, father, don't kneel down like that, because it breaks my heart. Please get up, Sir Ector, and don't make everything so horrible. Oh, dear, oh, dear, I wish I had never seen that filthy sword at all."
Define archaic words and give an example
words that have fallen out of use. e.g. siege meaning seat
define inversion. give an example from The Marriage of King Arthur
the reversal of standard word order. e.g. table round
What is an example of magic in The Marriage of King Arthur?
Merlin found in every seat there were letters of gold
In The Marriage of King Arthur, most of the barons didn't know that King Arthur was _______ ___ unless Merlin told them.
Arthur says that people are pressuring him to marry in The Marriage of King Arthur. Who's consent and advice does he seek? What does this person think?
Merlin's; he thinks he should get married
Who is Guinevere? (The Marriage of King Arthur)
The daughter of King Leodegrance; King Arthur asks her to marry him
What is King Leodegrance's reaction to King Arthur wanting to marry his daughter? (The Marriage of King Arthur)
He is overjoyed. As a gift to King Arthur he gives him 100 knights and the Table Round who was originally given to him by Pedragon.
What is the Table Round a symbol of? (The Marriage of King Arthur)
unity and equality
In the Marriage of King Arthur, Arthur sends Merlin to find 50 more knights for the wedding and coronation. What happens?
Merlin can only find 28 more knights. All of the knights will knighted at the wedding out of respect.
Who tells King Arthur that he wants to be knighted on his wedding? Why does he do this? (The Marriage of King Arthur)
Arthur's nephew, Gawain. He wants to show reference to King Arthur.
Where and when is the marriage of King Arthur?
Camelot on Pentecost
Summarize the Code of Chivalry that the knights were sworn by the Round Table on the day of Arthur's wedding.
Never do anything outrageous, always flee treason, do not be cruel, give mercy to those who ask, loyalty to King Arthur, always help women, no man do battle in a wrongful quarrel against the law or for world's goods.
There were two empty seats at the round table. What does this show? (The Marriage of King Arthur)
Sir Lancelot was fooling around with Guinevere.
usually a knight whose heroism takes a special form
define heroic tradition
includes the ideas of glory, nobility, justice, adventure, and loyalty
What is one example of glory from The Adventures of Sir Lancelot?
When Sir Lancelot defeats Sir Tarquine in a battle to the death after Lancelot uncovered his identity.
What is one example of nobility from The Adventures of Sir Lancelot?
When Sir Tarquine offers Sir Ector his life because he is a skilled fighter.
What is one example of justice from The Adventures of Sir Lancelot?
When Sir Lancelot recommends Sir Belleus to King Arthur to be made one of the knights of the round table after he wrongfully injured him
What is one example of adventure from The Adventures of Sir Lancelot?
When Sir Lancelot goes in search of adventure and tries to save the prisoners of Sir Tarquine
What is one example of loyalty from The Adventures of Sir Lancelot?
When Sir Lancelot denies the 3 queens because he is loyal to Guinevere
State one fact about the following characters: Sir Lancelot, Sir Lionel, Sir Ector de Maris, Sir Tarquine, Sir Gaheris, King Bagdemagus. (The Adventures of Sir Lancelot)
Sir Tarquine: brother was killed by Lancelot
Sir Gaheris: imprisoned by Tarquine
Sir Lancelot: bored and seeks adventure
Sir Lionel: Lancelot's adventurous companion
Sir Ector de Maris: was imprisoned by Tarquine in search for Lancelot
State the importance of the following line "That was true of many; but especially it was true of Lancelot du Lake, for in all tournaments and jousts and deeds of arms, both for life and death, he passed all other knights, and at no time was he overcome except by treason or enchantment." (The Adventures of Sir Lancelot)
Sir Lancelot is above other Knights in nobility because he is a good jouster and is courteous.
Why does Sir Lionel decide to fight the strange knight without waking Sir Lancelot? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
He wants to get the credit for himself
How might a knight seeking adventure meet with Sir Tarquine?
To rescue the imprisoned Knights
State the importance of the following quote, "Fair fellow," said Sir Ector, "knowest thou in this country any adventures that be here nigh hand?" (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
Sir Ector knows that Sir Lancelot is an adventure seeker, so wherever adventure is, he is.
How does Sir Ector's question fit in with the heroic tradition? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
It coincides with the heroic tradition of adventure
What does the forester's description of the ford tell about the character of the knight who lives in the manor?(the adventures of sir Lancelot)
That the knight is dangerous be a hard opponent.
Why does Sir Tarquine offer Sir Ector his life? Why does Sir Ector refuse his offer? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
Because he is a good fighter/jouster. Sir Ector has to uphold the code of chivalry.
Why would the four queens each want Sir Lancelot for her own after they recognized him? (The adventures of Sir Lancelot)
He is handsome and a noble knight of the round table.
How does Sir Lancelot earn his freedom from Morgan le Fay and the other queens? What performance does he have to do in return? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
He accepts the young noblewoman's offer of fighting along side her father and beating his opponent (3 Knights of the round table). She frees him.
How does Sir Lancelot's promise to the maiden fit with the heroic tradition and the code of chivalry that the knights of the Round Table agreed to uphold? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
They helped a damsel (woman) and he is only being violent and jousting to gain his freedom.
Why does Sir Lancelot want to fight for King Bagdemagus anonymously?(the adventures of sir Lancelot)
He's fighting against King Arthur's Knights and he is a knight of the round table.
How does the author, Malory make victory for Sir Lancelot seem impossible? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
More people are against him and he is against Knights of the round table.
How is the desire of the three knights of the Round Table to fight the disguised Sir Lancelot typical of knightly behavior? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
They want to show bravery, skill, and pride.
How does Sir Lancelot know that Sir Turquine has two of his "brethren" prisoners? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
Their shields are outside of his castle
Why has Sir Turquine killed and wounded hundreds of knights? (The adventures of sir lancelot)
To avenge his brother's death who was killed by Sir Lancelot
How does Sir Lancelot prove his honor after he is captured by the four queens? (the adventures of sir Lancelot)
He denies them and rather die than cheat on Guenevere
How does Sir Lancelot prove his honor to the daughter of King Bagdemagus? (the adventures of sir Lancelot)
He wins the joust and heals the wound he made unto her lover
Although Sir Turquine is motivated by a desire for revenge, he too, lives and acts honorably. On what two occasions does he exhibit his own form of honor? (The adventures of sir Lancelot)
He offers Sir Ector and then Sir Lancelot his life
State the definition of epic poetry.
long narrative poetry that celebrates the life of a hero who embodies the values of a particular society. epics, which can be traced to prehistoric times, were improvised and performed by poet-musicians and passed down through generations. epic poems relate larger-than-life events, generally of heroes and heroics.
Define a framework story. Which Arthurian legend is a framework story?
A story within a story. Morte d'Arthur
In what way(s) is Morte d Arthur an example of an epic poem? (2 facts)
It is a long narrative that celebrates Arthur's heroic life.
Name the people present that Christmas Eve in the framework story.
Parson Holmes (preacher), Poet Everard Hall, France's Allen (host), I (Tennyson)
What are the men talking about on that Christmas Eve? (Morte d'Arthur)
Tradition is gone
Explain any symbolism in the epic poem, Morte d'Arthur (answers may very)
Arthur tells Bedivere how he got the sword: an arm rose out of the lake that was holding the sword, and King Arthur swam to get it. This is symbolism to show that there will be a new heir after Arthur.
What is King Arthur's last request of his knight? (Morte d'Arthur)
To throw his sword excalibur into the lake
How many attempts does it take Sir Bedivere to throw the sword in the lake? Explain. (Morte d'Arthur)
Three. The number three is symbolic in the bible (peter denied jesus 3 times)
What is Sir Bedivere's internal conflict within himself? Explain. (Morte d'Arthur)
If to do what King Arthur has asked for him to do as his dying wish, or to take his sword Excalibur because of its worth.
What happens when the sword is thrown into the lake? (Morte d'Arthur)
The sword is disposed of the same way it came to be: a hand emerges from the water, grabs the sword, and takes it under.
Why does Arthur want to go to the edge of the lake? (Morte d'Arthur )
He knew something magical would happen
Explain the supernatural event that takes place in the poem. (Morte d'Arthur )
Three queens appear and carry Arthur away to Avalon on a boat.
How does Arthur comfort Bedivere in Arthur's final moments? (Morte d'Arthur)
He says to believe in the power of prayer, and that he will pray for him.
Explain the author's vision at the end of the poem. (Morte d'Arthur )
He has a dream/vision in which he hears the ringing of bells and sees Arthur has come again since he can't die.
Why does Tennyson have the story of the death of Arthur told on Christmas Eve?
It coincides with Jesus and the bible
Where does Sir Bedivere take King Arthur after the battle? (Morte d'Arthur)
to the chapel and the water
What has happened to King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table as Morte d'Arthur begins?
They have all died or have been wounded in battle
How does King Arthur react when Sir Bedivere does not do what he asks? (Morte d'Arthur)
he threatens him
Compare Arthur's first trip/journey with his second trip/journey. (2 facts) (Morte d'Arthur)
The first journey he takes him to the chapel and he isn't dying. Second journey he is dying of his wound.