Ch. 25- Industrial Revolution
Terms in this set (88)
By 1830, two thirds of the British cotton industry's workforce were...
women and chilrden
during the first Industrial Revolution, the factory created a new labor system in which...
workers had to work long hours and do the same work over and over in unsafe work environments.
the production of (blank) was one of th first industries to be affected by the Industrial Revolution
Who developed a steam engine that could drive machinery?
What did Britain do to keep industrial secrets from the United States?
forbad engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers from leaving the country
Cottage Industry means:
Production method using rural, at-home workers
Invention that improved thread production
Who among the following is mostly closely associated with laissez-faire economics?
The textile industry met its last major challenge to full mechanization with the development of...
improvements to the steam engine
The spread of the factory system resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
poorer quality of iron
Which of the following had the single greatest impact on the early growth of the Industrial Revolution
the rise in the number of railroad tracks laid down/booming railroad industry
The Industrial Revolution created new jobs in all of the following EXCEPT
In his Essay on the Principles of Population, Thomas Malthus predicted that
population tended to increase more rapidly than the food supply
organized work stoppages called by unions
The social change brought about by the Industrial Revolution was evident in the...
emergence of the middle class and the working class
The pitiful conditions created by the Industrial Revolution gave raise to...
Socialism, in which society owns and controls the means of production
Who am I:
Born in Scotland
laid the intellectual framework for the concept of the free market
defended the idea of a free economy
opposed governmental interference in the economy
What was the worldwide impact of the industrialization?
It was the driving force behind imperialism
The steam engine was developed, initially, by
(blank) improved roads by equipping them with a layer of large stones
who am i?:
Considered a pioneer in crop rotation
I have a cool nickname
Working children during the Industrial Revolution often experienced various forms of punishment such as:
Who am i:
built steamboat called the Clermont
Successful trip in 1807- up and down New York's Hudson River
Which of the follow was NOT on the agenda of the Chartists?
legislation limiting female factory work
According to the World History textbook, the Factory Act of 1833
Limited child labor
The Factory Act of 1833 only applied to children working in...
How might the small farmers of the agricultural revolution be compared to the working class of the Industrial Revolution
both endured long working hours, both suffered job losses due to progress, both lived in climates of social restructuring
A new class structure emerged during the Industrial Revolution. The lower middle class consisted of
teachers, shop owners and office workers
Marxism is a radical type of...
Who am i?
believed in the power of communal organization
founded new lanark mills in scotland as a model cooperative factory
arranged for the education of children
A black or dark brown combustible mineral substance consisting of carbonized vegetable mater used as fuel:
Who am I?
have a cool name
pioneered the rotation of crops which makes fallowing unnecessary
invented the seed drill in 1701
Charles Townshend's nickname:
During the Industrial Revolution, young children were desired for employment because
their small size
Labor conditions were harsh and long hours expected... workers worked roughly how many hours a day six days a week?
Appealed to the working class
offered a comforting message
preachers spoke directly to people in English rather than in Latin
What was the Industrial Revolution?
An increase in machine-made goods beginning in England in the 1700's
what is the name for the voluntary association of workers seeking labor reforms
Which of the following statements is true?
Communism is complete socialism where the people own all the property
What was a benefit of the railroad in Britain?
it offered cheap transportation for materials and goods
Which of the following was not an invention that promulgated the early growth of the Industrial Revolution
Around 1799 and 1800 the Combination Laws
made trade unions illegal
Which of the following factors most contributed to the shorter life span of those living in cities as opposed to those in the country
illness caused by unhealthy living conditions
Utilitarianism held that government policies should promote
the greatest good for the greatest number of people
Author of Das Kapital
Which of the following was a result of the agricultural revolution
Many small farmers became tenant farmers or moved to cities, enclosures became landmarks of wealthy landowners, landowners experimented with new agricultural methods
Inventor of the cotton gin
What were the three factors of production required for industrialization
land, labor, and capital
what was the impact of the steam engine on the production of British goods?
it launched the railway age, which brought transportation to a new level
how did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
it made the population grow faster than the housing supply
The first area to undergo major industrialization was
A person who organizes, managers, and takes on the risks of a business:
Who am i?
a highly religious man
a member of Parliament
led the fight for abolition- the end of slave trade and slavery in the British empire
who am i?
mechanized every stage in the manufacture of cloth
owned a huge weaving factory in Massachusetts
Francis Cabot Lowell
The (blank) refers to the greatly increased output of machine made goods that began in England in the middle 1700's
First Industrial Revolution
Who am i?
I'm a spunky female
my literary works include fiction
my novels show a sympathy for the working class
The term stock means
certain rights of ownership in a business
Who am I?:
Im an engineer
I maintained a solid reputation by building quality products during the Industrial Revolution
Built 20 engines for mine operators in northern England
Which method of transportation was vital to the spread of the Industrial Revulotion
The process of urbanization that occurred in the 19t century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe was mainly a result of
During the Industrial Revolution, people moved form rural areas to urban areas to find
At first, British government responded to unions by
Which of the following economic systems is based on private investment for individual gain
Rural to Urban Migration refers to
The movement of people from the country to the city
The ides of Social Darwinism
suggested that wealthy people had superior talents and were the fittest members of society
One of the fenced in or hedged in fields created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers:
The economic policy of letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without government interference:
The philosophy of creating a cooperative community or perfect living space
The philosophy that people should judge ideas on the basis of their usefullness
Changes in society for the better
The smallest and youngest children in textile factories usually worked as scavengers
The "new" industrial class structure consisted of four levels
Moses Brown opened the first factory in the United states to house Samuel Slater's machines in Rhode Island
During the Industrial Revolution, working in coal mines presented very little danger
In socialism, the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all
the standard Oil company was founded by Andrew Carnegie
Jeremy Bentham supported Karl Marx intellecually and financially
According to Robert Bakewell, selective breeding means allowing only his best sheep to breed
The Steam Engine was invented by Thomas Malthus
In a capitalistic economic system the goal is an equal society
Henry Ford is known for initiating the concept of the assembly line
Britain did not have a stable government during the Industrial Revolution
Workers worked 8 hours a day during the Industrial Revolution
Geography helped the British to Industrialize
Today the term (blank) refers to a person who is opposed to new technology
During the Industrial Revolution, overcrowded row apartment houses were called:
A prominent British engineer, inventor, and entrepreneur, created a process for the manufacture of steel