Medical Procedures- Patient Exam and Clinical Skills

How quickly will an electronic thermometer measure body temperature
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to measure a blood pressure, the medical assistant will needa stethoscope and sphygmomanometerwhat is recorded as the systolic blood pressurethe point where the first sound is heardwhen measuring blood pressure, what is correctthe cuff should be applied to the bare upper arm room should be quiet so that blood pressure can be heard sphygmomanometer needs to be clearly visiblewith vital signs, any abnormal measurement must be immediately reported to thephysiciana medical assistant would measure the patient's temperature, pulse and respraton when the physician asks him or her totake vital signswhat is used to take an infant's rectal temperaturesecurity thermometernever clean a glass thermometer withhot waterwhen the patient is breathing with only th upper part of the lungs this is referred to asshallow respirationwhen the patient makes abnormal noises like snoring when they are breathing, it is calledstertorous respirationwhen the heart is contracting, the pressure is highest. This pressure is called thesystolic pressurewhen listening to the brachial pulse you will use astethoscopethe main type of sphygmomanometers used in a clinical setting is theaneroid typewhen the pressure is lowest, this pressure is calleddiastolic pressurethe process of inhaling and exhaling is calledrespirationwhen the depth of breathing changes and the rate of the rise and fall of the chest is not steady, it is calledirregular respirationwhen taking the pulse you must be able to report accurately therhythm of pulse beats rate (number of pulse beats per minute) force of th beatthe balance between the heat produced and the heat lost is thebody temperaturea rubber or plastic tube used to drain or inject fluid through a body opening is calledcatheterthe process of inserting a catheter is calledcatheterizationwhen you use an autoclave, fill the water reservoir withdistilled watera patient positioned on her back with feet in stirrups is said to be in the ____ positionlithotomya stethoscope is used to listen to body sounds byauscultationwhen the physician feels with fingers or hands to determine the physical characteristics o tissues or organs it is calledpalpationbody temperature measured under the arm of a patient is called the ____ temperatureaxillarylistening to the sounds produced while tapping the patient with fingers is calledpercussionthe instrument used to examine the eyes is called theophthalmoscopean instrument used for auditory and sensory perception is called thetuning forkan apical pulse is the method of choice forinfants and young childrenwhich degree of burn is the most seriousthirdon a visual acuity reading of 20/60, what does the 20 representdistance between patient and test chartsome clinical signs for head injury could bevomiting headache confusionlying flat on one's back with arms at one's side is the _____ positionsupinelying supine with knees sharply flexed and separated is known as the ____ positiondorsal recumbentwhen a patient's feet are placed in stirrups and the buttocks are positioned at the edge of the exam table, the patient is in the ____ positionlithotomywhen a patient is positioned on the abdomen, arms under the head, with the head turned to one side the patient is in the ____ positionpronewhen the patient kneels, and places their head and chest on the table with buttocks elevated, it is called the ____ positionknee-chestan otoscope is used for examination of theearswhen measuring blood pressure, the bottom number is calleddiastolic pressurewith vital signs, any abnormal measurement must be immediately reported to thedoctora ____report information relating to the patient's main reason for scheduling an appointment to see the physicianhistory and physical examination