AP Human Geo: Culture Vocab

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Acculturation
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Terms in this set (40)
Acculturation
cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture
Assimilation
the process in which a minority group or culture comes to assemble the dominant cultures values, behaviors, and beliefs
centrifugal force
forces that pull people apart
centripetal force
forces that bring people together
Colonialism
control by one power over a dependent area or people; occurs when one nation subjugates another, conquering it's population and exploiting it, often while forcing its own language and cultural values upon its people.
Contagious Diffusion
The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person.
creolized language
language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
cultural convergence
The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication.
cultural divergence
The likelihood or tendency for cultures to become increasingly dissimilar with the passage of time.
Cultural Hearth
Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
cultural landscape
the artificial landscape; the visible human imprint on the land.
cultural relativism
the idea that a person's beliefs, values, and practices should be understood based on that person's own culture, rather than be judged against the criteria of another
Culture
A total way of life held in common by a group of people, including such learned features as speech, ideaology, behavior; livelihood, technology, and government; or the local, customary way of doing things - a way of life; an ever-changing process in which a group is actively engaged; a dynamic mix of symbols, beliefs, speech, and practices.
culture trait
A single element of normal practice in a culture
Ethnic Neighborhood
a voluntary community where people of like origin reside by choice