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Buddhism

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Bodhisattvas
buddhas in the making, ideal Buddhist for Mahayana sect
Arhat
ideal for Theravedic, saint who has become awakened, transformed.
annatta
"without self"
anicca
the world of constantly changing, "impermanence"
dukkha
"suffering"
Dharma
the way it is, the law
Lama
Tibetan teacher of the Dharma
Karma
cycle of cause and effect.
Nirvana
free from suffering and individual existence
mandalas
exciting patterned icons
mantras
chants
mudras
choreographed hand movements
samsara
the wheel of reincarnation
Sangha
the Buddhist community
Zen
means meditation, emphasizes meditation versus study of scripture
Zazen
seated meditation practiced daily
Roshi
teacher of Zen
Satori
Zen enlightenment
koans
spiritual exercise meant to frustrate the thinking process.
4 noble truths
To live is to suffer, suffering is caused by desire, suffering can be brought to cessation, the solution is the Eightfold path
5 precepts
Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not lie, Do not intoxicate one's self, Do not engage is sensuous actions
3 jewels
Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha
3 poisons
Greed, Desire, Ignorance
Mahayana
o Largest division
o For the masses
o Focus on the Buddha himself - divine salvation
o Believe in a deep connection with Buddha
o Believe in a pantheon of Buddhas
Vajrayana
• Vajra - diamond scepter
o Believe you can attain nirvana here and now
o Primarily practiced in Tibet
o Believe that you can propel yourself to nirvana
• zen - patterned icons that excite
• Mudras - choreographed hand movements
• Mantras - chants
o Hierarchy of lamas
• Dalai Lama is the highest.
Theraveda
"The Way of the Elders"
• Follows earliest texts, original teachings, focus on individual
• Buddha is beyond reach of humans
5 aggregates
Matter
Sensations
Perception
Thoughts
Consciousness