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Global Studies religion questions
Terms in this set (16)
What is the most practiced religion in the world?
What is the second most practiced religion in the world?
In what order did Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam begin?
Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam
In what country is Hinduism the main religion?
What is the Hindu belief in god?
Hindus worship many different deities which are all different forms of their God, Brahman. Each form of Brahman has its own name, appearance, and job. These Hindu gods include Brahma, the creator of the universe, Vishnu, the preserver of the universe, and Shiva, its destroyer.
What was the Hindu caste system?
The Caste system means that you are born in a specific station in life. Whatever Caste you are born into you will die in. By performing the tasks of your caste well, you earn good Karma. The better Karma you have when you die, the better or higher the caste will be when you come back. The highest caste is the Brahmins who are the priests. Through prayer and meditation Brahmins hope to reincarnate back into a oneness with Brahman.
Where do most Buddhists live today?
East and Southern Asia.
How do Buddhists believe a person can reach enlightenment?
The Buddha taught that suffering is caused by desire and attachment (in a set of beliefs called The Four Noble Truths). When you are able to stop desiring things, you will achieve nirvana, a state of enlightenment.
How many gods do Buddhists believe in?
Buddhists do not believe in a god.
How many gods do Jews believe in?
What is the relationship between Judaism and Christianity?
Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, whom Christians call Christ. It began as a sect of Judaism (Jesus was Jewish).
What are the three major groups/branches of Christianity?
the three major groups: Roman Catholic, Protestant, or Eastern Orthodox. Quakers are Protestant.
What is the Holy Trinity?
Christians believe in one god, but that god has three elements: the Father (in heaven), the Son (Christ), and the Holy Spirit/Ghost.
How many gods do Muslims believe in?
One God , Allah in Arabic.
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
Muslims show their devotion by practicing the Five Pillars of Islam: faith in one god, prayer five times a day, charity, fasting during the holy month of Ramadan, and a pilgrimage to the holy city Mecca, called the hajj.
What is a Muslim leader of prayer called?
There are no priests or clergy in Islam. However, a community leader known as an imam leads prayers.
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