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Eve's Final 1921-1929 Harding
Terms in this set (17)
black artistic movement in New York City in the 1920s, when writers, poets, painters, and musicians came together to express feelings and experiences, especially about the injustices of Jim Crow; leading figures of the movement included Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Duke Ellington, Zora Neale Hurston, and Langston Hughes.
F. Scott Fitzgerald: "The Great Gatsby" Expressed disillusionment with the ideals of an earlier time and with the materialism of a business-oriented culture.
Langston Hughes: He was an African American and was the best known poet in the Harlem movement mentioned above.
incorporated a critical view of the impact of new technology and urban life into her paintings....,
Judith Sargent Murray, Mary Wollstonecraft (vindication of the Rights of Women), and Mercy Otis Warren (wrote history of American Revolu
Judith Sargent Murray, Mary Wollstonecraft (vindication of the Rights of Women), and Mercy Otis Warren (wrote history of American Revolution
Describe women's reaction to their political and social status as a result of the American Revolution.
Began to question political and social status. Became subject of debate.
What changes were occurring in the women's rights movement?
Newest leader Carrie Chapman Catt stressed the desirability of giving women the vote if they were to continue to discharge their traditional duties as homemakers and mothers in the increasingly public world of the city. Women had special responsibility for the health of the family and the education of children, the argument ran. On the farm, women could discharge these responsibilities in the separate sphere of the isolated homestead. But in the city, they needed a voice on boards of public health, police commissions, and school boards. By thus linking the ballot to a traditional definition of women's role, suffragists registered encouraging gains as the new century opened.
What social causes were women (and many men) involved in in the late 1800's?
Women's suffrage, temperance/prohibition, animal protection.
The 'Era of Wonderful Nonsense'
Coolidge supported Mellon's tax policies, adherence to world court, prohibition, non-cancellation of Allied war debt & no veteran bonus
The Coolidge-Mellon Fiscal Program
➢ Businessmen were considered the people that 'ruled the nation'
Calvin Coolidge: "The man who builds a factory builds a temple; The man who works there worships there"
Higher tariffs, but tax cuts for corporations/the wealthy
➢ Mellon's 'trickle down' tax policies favored the rapid expansion of capital investment - the tax burden shifted to the middle class
The premise: High taxes forced investors to invest in tax-exempt securities rather than in factories that provided economic growth
Mellon: Reduce the national debt by making government smaller - he reduced the national debt by $10 billion (from ~ $26 to $16 billion)
Hoover and the Great Depression part 1&2
Public Works set up state a local building projects to help employ people
Reconstruction Finance Coorporation gave federal loans to businesses, in exchange, the businness would hire workers; supported Hoover's "Trickle Down Theory". Didn't work
Hoover and the Great Depression
Bonus Army unemployed WWI veterans who marched tp washington to demand their war bonuses; were gunned down and gassed by troops led by General Douglas McArthur
National Credit Coorporation pressed banks to make loans to businesses
Hover and the Great Depression part 5&6
Hoovervilles shanty-towns that housed many who had lost everything. Shelters were built of old boxes and other discards.
Farmer's Holiday Association Farmers led boycott movement by withholding crops in hopes of increasing prices
National Origins Act
primary purpose was to restrict the flow of newcomers from Southern and Eastern Europe;
established immigrant quotas that discriminated against Southern and Eastern Europeans;
this was the primary reason for the decrease in the numbers of Europeans immigrating to the US in the 1920s.
Sacco Vanzetti case
Sacco-Vanzetti Case Sacco and Vanzetti were two Italian immigrants convicted for a crime with very little evidence. Sacco and Vanzetti's guilty verdict reflected the anti-immigrant and anti-radical attitude of American citizens, being sentenced to death only because they were anarchists & of the italian origin. Worldwide protests happened as a result.
Ku Klux Clan
Spurred by intense nativism and fundamentalism, we see the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan, this time they were against immigrants, feminism, and unions. It was a rural movement rising against the urban forces.
The rise of the Ku Klux Klan reflected white America's fear that minority groups would eventually take over America. This fear was born from the rise in population of immigrants and American blacks, coupled with the change in America politics to give these minority groups equal rights and jobs
What intellectual, economic, philosophical and racial factors helped to create a new national mood more receptive to overseas expansionism?
1) experience of subjugating Native Americans
2) frederick jackson turner's thesis (closing of frontier - natural resources scarce)
3) potential for overseas markets
4) fear that no territory would be left to acuqire b/c of european imperialism
5) social darwinism - applied to nations
6) military bases needed (alfred thayer mahan)
St. Louis Race Riot
(Race Issues)(1917) A white mob attacked a black neighborhood in East St. Louis, burned down houses, and shot some blacks as they fled from their homes. Forty African-Americans were shot.
• The riot originated from resentment of whites over the employment of black workers in a factory holding government contracts. It was the worst of many outbreaks of racial hatred in the U.S. during World War I toward blacks employed in war industries.
(Race Issues)(1918-1919) A highly contagious respiratory disease, also known as the grippe or the flu. In 1918-1919, a particularly severe form of influenza, known as the Spanish flu, killed millions worldwide. More U.S. soldiers in World War I died of influenza than of war-related injuries.
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