Feudalism, Medieval Religion
Terms in this set (71)
What was feudalism?
a political and military system in medieval Europe
What does feudalism provide?
It provides people with safety by having a stable social order
How was feudalism a political and economic system
By Manorialism: A lord's manor would include peasant villages, a church, farm land, a mill, and the lord's castle or manor house.
How was feudalism a social system
Feudal law/customs required that everyone was assigned a place on the social ladder.
What is a fixed social hierarchy?
Most of the rights and privileges were given to the Upper Class
What were the different social classes in the Feudal System?
Kings and Monarchs
Knights and Vassals
Peasants and Serfs
What was the Divine Right of Kings?
The idea that the kings had been chosen by God to rule the nation.
What is Absolute power?
Complete control over someone or something
What was the role of the Monarch?
They give land to lords in return for protection by knights.
What was the role of the Lord in Medieval times?
Took care of his vassals and protected them. They also made the laws and acted as judge.
What was the role of a Knight?
To work as a soldier to protect the Lord
What was the role of the Peasant?
To farm the land and work on the manors
A class of people that has a high rank in a society because they were born into a specific family.
Why was the Feudal System developed?
It was created out of necessity because people formed self-sufficient manors and small kingdoms, and they needed defense and soldiers, and the soldiers would need land in return for their service.
What was the basic needs of all the groups in the feudal society?
To be able to organize and defend themselves
In Feudalism, who provided the Land (Fief)
In Feudalism, who provided shelter?
The lords provided shelter in exchange for work on the farms and the manor
In Feudalism, who provided Military Protection?
Why were the serfs considered the Lord's wealth?
Serfs were part of the property of a noble
What was a fief?
Land that people were granted.
What was a Manor?
a large estate with farms and a village, owned by a knight or lord
Who had the MOST power in the feudal society?
King or Lord
Who had the LEAST power in the feudal society?
How did feudalism establish order in Europe during the Middle Ages?
Feudalism provided people protection, and a stable government because they were bound to each other.
Why were peasants/serfs willing to work on the manor?
they were allowed to farm a portion of the land for their own families
How did serfs free themselves? (3ways)
save enough money to buy land
escape to a city and not get caught of a year
What was the purpose of a castle?
To protect it's people from invasion and allow nobles to have power over the land
How did the castle provide protection?
Walls were built high and strong with stone, draw bridges kept unwanted visitors out.
How did the castle provide protection for the manor?
it had stone walls around the town
What is Clergy
Persons with authority to perform religious services
Who is the leader of the Catholic Church?
Bishops who came from wealthy families
What role did the church play in the medieval European Government
Church officials kept records and collected the peoples taxes
What is the style of a Gothic Church
pointed arches, tall windows to let in light, stained glass, higher, thinner walls, decorated inside and out with carvings of saints and religious scenes
What is the style of a Romanesque Church
came first. bulky and strongly built with very thick walls. Their windows were arch shapes. They are usually in the shape of a cross and have lower ceilings--not much light inside.
What role did the church have in education
Monks and Bishops and priests were the teachers
What role did the church play in the economy
The church owned a lot of land so it had a lot of power
What is a Monk?
A monk is a man that would devote his whole life to the church and lived in a monastery.
What is a monastery?
the place where monks live and pray
What is an abbot?
Leader of the Monks
What is an abbess?
Leader of the nuns
What is a convent?
A community of nuns or women who devote themselves to religious life.
What was life like as a monk?
dedicated to a life of worship, reading, and manual labor
What were the vows a monk took
The Vow of Poverty
The Vow of Chastity
The Vow of Obedience
How were medieval monasteries self sufficient?
The monastery was designed to meet any needs the monks who resided there could have. Monasteries provided education, spiritual sustenance, food, medical care, barber services, and any material possessions necessary for survival.
Why were books rare in the medieval times?
Books were difficult to make and expensive. The rulers did not want the serfs or peasants to be educated
Who could read and write in Medieval society?
Knights, the very rich and Monks
Since the common people could not read or write, how did the church help people understand religion?
They learned from the paintings on the walls and from the priest who spoke during church
Why was it seen as honorable/noble to become a monk?
They were holy, educated and praised by the entire society.
Why did people become monks in the Middle Ages?
To devote their lives to serving God
To live a life in a secure retreat
To escape from a violent world
The lead a quiet and peaceful life
Why were people of the Middle Ages attracted to Christianity?
People wanted to believe that there was an easier life after death
A family's payment of one-tenth of its income to a church
A journey to a place of religious importance.
an object considered holy because it belonged to, or was touched by, a saint or other holy person
It was to defeat the Muslims and take back the Holy Land of Jerusalem.
Where was the Holy Land Located?
How did the crusades impact the Jewish, Christian and Muslim population?
People feared they would be killed if they were not Christian. Jewish people were murdered and went in to hiding. Muslims were forced out.
Why was Jerusalem a place of conflict?
It was considered the "Holy Land" where all three faiths wanted to live.
What is the difference between a pilgrimage and a crusade?
A pilgrimage is a peaceful journey to the holy land a crusade was a military mission
A religion based on the teaching of Muhammad
Who is Muhammad
- the Muslim prophet who got the message from God.
What is the Qur'an
the holy book of Islam
What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?
Declaration of Faith
Daily prayer 5 times a day
Pilgrimage to Mecca
A Muslim place of worship
used brilliant colors, geometric shape and religious
Contributions of Muslims on geography and navigation was?
divided world into climate zones
created accurate maps
calculated the earths circumference
perfected the compass
Contributions of Muslims on Science was?
The study of animals/Zoology
Contributions of Muslims on Scholarship and Learning was?
Pharmacists/ person who prepares medicine
Why was Islamic culture so diverse?
Islam appealed to many people of different backgrounds.
Why would Muslims be interested in making advancements in geography and navigation?
Provided information on trade routes and list facts about lands under Muslim rule
What was the Bayeux tapestry?
An embroidered cloth (very large) which shows the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England
What marked the beginning of the Middle Ages?
The fall of the Roman Empire