What 3 conditions decrease compliance in treatment?
The number of treatments increases, the treatment is inconvenient, the treatment is frequent
What is the highest stress rating on the College Undergraduate Stress Scale?
What group of biochemicals is increased in response to the activation of emotional systems?
What is the order of phases in the general adaptation syndrome?
Alarm, resistance, exhaustion
Which two components of the Type A behavior pattern have been found to contribute to heart disease?
Hostility and anger
Cohen found that long-tailed macaques were more stressed when they were in a(n) ______ group of monkeys, and the monkeys who showed the most stress were those that showed little _____ behavior.
The _____ effect, in which a therapeutically inert substance or procedure evokes a clinically significant psychological or physiological response, relies on the _____ that the treatment is real.
A person who got married, had a baby, and started a new job all within a year may have a _________ score on a stress scale than someone whose mother had a serious illness in the last year.
Which of the following mental health professionals would be most interested in how noise pollution affects the stress levels of children in elementary school?
An environmental psychologist
Brain activation in response to threats occurs in the:
What are the three parts of the HPA axis?
Hypothalamus, pituitary gland, adrenal gland
In what phase of the general adaptation syndrome reaction to stress does the body adapt to its high state of arousal in an attempt to cope with the stressor?
Type A personalities are at:
Increased risk of heart disease because they react to stress and adversity with anger and hostility.
You sit down in history class and the teacher comes out with a pop quiz. You are stressed and likely consider the quiz a _________ since you have not yet read the chapter you are being quizzed on.
Burnout refers to
Physical, mental and emotional decline associated with a long-term demanding activity.
Rima always hated giving class presentations because she felt like the students in class were judging her. For her next presentation she decided to focus on her ability to teach the class something and she ended up enjoying her assignment. This example best illustrates what type of stress management?
A specific trait related to hardiness involves all of the following except
Which of the following groups relies to the greatest degree on social support as a way of reducing stress?
What is a beneficial stress management technique for trying to eat wisely?
Focusing on increasing activity
What is true about the placebo effect?
Somewhat dependent upon the conscious expectation that the placebo will work, deactivate brain regions associated with pain sensation, decrease pain, in part, by triggering the release of endorphins
What is an example of a chronic stressor?
It is probably easier to deal with the stress you experience when you get a bad grade on a paper than to deal with the stress you experience from getting a bad haircut because:
You have some control over your grades by putting more or less effort into your work
During a fight-or-flight response, the __________ release(s) __________
Adrenal glands; ACTH
Women who are involved in intense physical training such as long-distance running sometimes stop menstruating and their bodies shut down other processes not necessary for immediate survival. What phase of the general adaptation syndrome does this best describe?
Chronic stress __________ the chances of contracting an infection and _________the risk of suffering a heart attack
You try and determine if a stressor is a threat or a challenge during:
After experiencing a traumatic event such as living or working in a war zone or being physically attacked, it is not uncommon to develop:
One technique for coping with stress, known as _________, is to avoid thinking about or experiencing the situation that makes you stressed and convince yourself to think positive thoughts instead.
Studies have indicated that aerobic exercise _________ psychological well-being
What is probably the most effective way to deal with stress across your life span?
Having social support through family or friends
Somatoform disorders, such as conversion disorder, demonstrate that:
The mind can produce physical illness without any physiological cause
The idea of a "sick-role" states that
There are social norms associated with being sick and regulating the behaviors of a sick person
In one study, business executives who scored very high on the index of stressful life events seemed impervious to the physical effects of stress in that they had few illnesses. However, they all shared the personality characteristic of