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19 terms

A New Plan of Government

Chapter 7 Section 3
STUDY
PLAY
THE MAGNA CARTA
1215
placed limits on the power of the monarch
ENLIGHTENMENT
1700s
a movement that promoted knowledge, reason, and science as the means to improve society
JOHN LOCKE
an English philosopher
believed that all people have natural rights
BARON DE MONTESQUIEU
French writer
declared that the powers of government should be separated and balanced against each other, preventing no one from getting too much power
NATURAL RIGHTS
include the rights to life,liberty, and property
FEDERALISM
sharing power between the federal and state governments
one of the distinctive features of the US government
CONSTITUTION
allowed federal government to tax, regulate trade, control the currency, raise an army, and declare war
the states had the power to pass and enforce laws, regulate trade within their borders, establish local governments, schools, and other institutions, and had the power to tax and build roads
ARTICLES
parts
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
lawmaking branch
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
headed by the president
ELECTORAL COLLEGE
special group that elects the president and vice president
JUDICIAL BRANCH
court system
CHECKS AND BALANCES
built in by the Framers to keep any one branch from gaining too much power
RATIFY
to approve
FEDERALISTS
supporters of the new constitution
JOHN JAY
one of the three of the nation's most gifted political thinkers
backed the Constitution
ANTIFEDERALISTS
opposed ratification of the Constitution
PATRICK HENRY
gave fiery speeches against the proposed Constitution
argued that it didn't well limit the power of the federal government
AMENDMENT
something added to a document
used on the Constitution, adding on the Bill of Rights