THE MAGNA CARTA
placed limits on the power of the monarch
a movement that promoted knowledge, reason, and science as the means to improve society
an English philosopher
believed that all people have natural rights
BARON DE MONTESQUIEU
declared that the powers of government should be separated and balanced against each other, preventing no one from getting too much power
include the rights to life,liberty, and property
sharing power between the federal and state governments
one of the distinctive features of the US government
allowed federal government to tax, regulate trade, control the currency, raise an army, and declare war
the states had the power to pass and enforce laws, regulate trade within their borders, establish local governments, schools, and other institutions, and had the power to tax and build roads
headed by the president
special group that elects the president and vice president
CHECKS AND BALANCES
built in by the Framers to keep any one branch from gaining too much power
supporters of the new constitution
one of the three of the nation's most gifted political thinkers
backed the Constitution
opposed ratification of the Constitution
gave fiery speeches against the proposed Constitution
argued that it didn't well limit the power of the federal government
something added to a document
used on the Constitution, adding on the Bill of Rights
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