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Does a rep. in the House need to live in the state that s/he represents?
Yes, rep. must reside in the state s/he represents
How do Congressional elections take place?
Must be held in every state on the same date in even-numbered years
What is a quorum?
Smallest number of members who must be present for Congress to conduct business
50%+ 1= 218 in the House= 51 in the Senate
Can members of Congress be punished or arrested for what they say during a session?
No, allows a free debate
What can happen when a bill is approved by the majority of the House and Senate?
1. the President can consign it (and it becomes a law) or
2. the President can send it back to Congress ( a "VETO" )
***What does Congress have the power to do?
Tax and spend money
All federal taxes must be the same throughout the country
Congress has the power to pass laws regarding what?
1.naturalization (process of a foreigner becoming U.S. citizen)
2. bankruptcy ( when person or business cannot pay its debts)
What does Congress have the power to do?
1. coin (or print) money and set its value
2. set the standards for weights and measures
***What does Congress have the right to do?
1. declare war (at request of President)
2. make rules regarding captured prisoners
What can Congress decide upon?
1. the size of the armed forces
2. the amount of money to spend on the armed forces
write rules for the military
What job can Congress now call up to stop rebellions or fight foreign invaders?
National Guard (militia)
What agreement prevented Congress from interfering with slave trade?
3/5 Compromise, Congress was soon able to abolish slavery
What is Writ of Habeas Corpus?
Court order requiring the government to "produce the body" of a prisoner and explain why the prisoner is being held. Its protects them from unlawful prisoner by requiring that charges be filed withing a reasonable amount of time.
Can the government deny the act of Writ of Habeas Corpus?
No only in times of rebellion or invasion, the Patriot Act
Can Congress tax based on income?
No, not until the 16th Amendment, which allowed Congress to tax income regardless of state population
Can Congress tax exports?
No, but the southern states insisted on clause because their economy depended on exports
Must all states be treated equally?
Yes, Congress could not make laws that favor one state over another in trade
Can the government freely spend money and award titles?
No, Congress must pass a law allowing it called "appropriation"
No only from foreign governments
Can states coin (or print) money or make treaties?
No, to prevent states acting like separate nations
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