7th abeka Grade Grammar Test
Terms in this set (45)
a standalone unit of learned meaning.
a group of words with a meaning
played with his toy
The shiny red car
contains both a subject and a verb.
Bill jumped and kicked
She has been
words that represent people, places or things, including abstract concepts like love and freedom
words that substitute for nouns
nominative - located in the subject of the sentence - I, you, he, she, it, we, they
objective - located in the preposition of the sentence - me, you, him, her, it, us, them,
possessive - my, mine, yours, your, his, hers, its, ours, our, their, theirs
words that modify or describe nouns or pronouns - answers the questions which one, what kind, how many, how much, or whose
a, an, the are always adjectives
words that show what the subject of a sentence does, is, or is like
words that modify or describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs - answers the question where, when, how, how often, to what extent.
words that are used to connect words, phrases, and clauses - and, but, or, nor, for and yet
words that connect a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence -
about, above, after, against, among, around, at,
before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, by, down, during,
except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, over, past, since,
through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, without
words whose sounds supply emotions to a sentence - Wow, Yeah, Oh, Hey
Wow! That was a great game.
principle parts of sentences
subjects, verbs, complements
a word or word group that completes the predicate in a sentence.
We rearranged the 'furniture'.
types of verbs
action and linking
things verbs do
show what the subject does, is, or is like
the noun or pronoun that comes after the predicate and answers the questions whom or what
Emma found Noah and 'me' up in the apple tree.
an adjective that describes the subject.
The 'cracked' cup finally broke.
A noun or pronoun that uses a linking verb to unite, describe, or rename the noun in the subject of the sentence.
'She' found Noah and me up in the apple tree.
A verb that expresses either physical or mental activity
A verb that does not show action but connects the subject with a word in the predicate.
a preposition, its object, and any words that describe the object. they act as adjectives or adverbs.
Colorful fish swam 'beside the coral'.
one main clause
Bruno is strong.
two main clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction
Bruno is strong and fast.
Tell what the subject does, is or is like
3 degrees of comparison
1.) positive degree- used when no comparison is expressed;
2.) comparative degree- used when only 2 items are being compared;
3.) superlative degree- used when 3 or more items are being compared
introduced by conjunctions; after, although, as, as if, as much as, as long as, as soon as, because, before, if, in order that, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, while.
While I was making breakfast the boys where downstairs playing.
introduced by relatives; Who, whom, which, and that
nominative case pronouns
acts as subjects; I, you, he, she, it, we, they
used for items that can be counted
always used as an adverb modifying an verb
verbal that may be used as an adverb
adverb clause in which essential parts have been omitted
is derived from a verb by adding the suffix -ing. The result is still a verb
Example: In football, deliberately tripping an opponent is a foul.
a word that shows how a noun or a pronoun is related to some other word in the sentence
Julie sat 'on' the barrel.
She crawled 'through' the barrel.
The alligator hid 'beneath' the water.
Participial phrases can come before a main clause (initial position)
When the participial phrase comes before a main clause, it is followed by a comma
'Dinner always took a long time', because Lucy loved food and she was very slow.
Participial phrases after a noun phrase they are modifying (middle position)
When the participial phrase follows a main clause, a comma must come before the participial phrase.
Lucy loved food, but was very slow and dinner always took a long time.
Participial phrases can come after a main clause (final position)
When the participial phrase occurs in mid-sentence position, we use two commas. One comma comes before the participial phrase and the other comes after it.
My father's hair, streaked with gray and receding on both sides, is combed straight back to his collar.
is a group of words that contains both subject and a verb. It is used as a part of a sentence
expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.
does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence
rode the path to town.
contains one independent clause and no dependent clauses. Both subject and verb may be compound.
The cowboy rode the path to town.
contains two or more independent clauses but no dependent clauses.
The cowboy rode the path to town and he robbed the bank.
contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
The cowboy rode the path to town and bought groceries from the merchantile.
compound complex sentence
contains two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses
The cowboy rode to town and robbed the bank, while the towns people shivered in fear.
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