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Church History Final Exam
Terms in this set (80)
What are the symbols of Pentecost?
Fire and Wind
Who was the first monotheist?
What is the Disapora?
Scattering of the Jews from their homeland
What is Hellenization?
Greeks culture influence Jews living in the Diaspora
Why was the Septuagint needed?
Hellenized Jews needed a Greek bible because they couldn't speak Hebrew anymore
What was the Jewish expectation of the Messiah?
In the formation of the New Testament what was the first writing and the last?
Who are Gentiles?
Who are God-fearers?
gentiles Greeks who lived in the Diaspora that hung around the Jews but don't embrace Judaism
When was the Council of Jerusalem and what was the problem resolved and how?
50 AD. Whether a Gentile has to become Jewish before they became Christian
Why did the Apostles and Christians dislike Nero?
He persecuted the Church
What was the first Gospel written and when?
When was the final destruction of the Temple?
Who was the Apostle to the Gentiles?
What does St. Irenaeus mention in his book, Against Heresies?
In 180 mentions 25 of 27 books of the canon
Heresy saying there was no Trinity and that God at sometime didn't exist
Why was there a Council of Nicaea?
Speak against Arianism
What is Monophysitism?
Jesus doesn't have a humanity it is lost in divinity
When was the Council of Chalcedon and what was decided?
451 , jesus is truly God and truly man
Where was the name "Christian" first used?
What is a Neophyte?
Brand new catholic after Easter Saturday
What is a Catechumen?
Adult or young adult who takes classes to become catholic
What was the Edict of Milan and who wrote it?
313 Constantine stopped the persecution. Free worshiping
What does St. Athanasius mention in his Easter letter to his Church? When?
he listed the 27 books of the canon
What is an Apologist? Why do we need these men and women?
defender of the faith against heresy. we need them because it wou7ld go uncheck divisions of the church would form
What are the confessions?Who wrote The Confessions?
St. Augustin and they are an autobiography of hid life
Who wrote The City of God and why?
St.Augustin the Kingdom of God will never fall
Who are the "lapsi"?
people who denied their faith and took a ticket and worshiped roman gods and later asked to rejoin the church.
Who is considered the first monk?
Who are Cenobites and Eremites?
cenobites: monk who lives in a community
eremites: monk who lives alone; hermits
Who made Catholicism the religion of the Roman Empire? When?
What was decided at the Council of Hippo? When?
393 the canon is offical
What did Macrina do that made her famous?
she was responsible for establishing female monasteries
Who is the Father of Monasticism and wrote The Rule?
Who is called the "second Constantine"? Why? When?
Charlemagne brought the empire together
Who used the title, Servant of the Servants of God?
St. Gregory the Great
Who is the Apostle to Germany?
In Feudalism, what is the order of power and wealth? (recall the triangle)
2. Bishops abbots
What is lay investiture and simony and why were they such a problem?
secular leaders appoint family members to chruch position
What is a Conclave? What dos it mean literally? Why did we use this method?
meeting to assign a new pope. It literally means with keys. We use it because it was secret if it wasn't there would be outside influence
What was the East-West Schism? When? What causes this schism?
What is a mendicant? Who are two famous mendicants?
beggar Ex. St. Francis and St. dominic
What are the evangelical counsels?
Who promoted Scholasticism?
Who is greatest Catholic Theologian?
What happened in Avignon?
7 popes lived there away from the Vatican
Why was there the Babylonian Captivity of the papacy?
Another historical way of referring to the Avignon papacy are one in the same
What was the Great Western Schism?
Three popes at one time, 1378
What is Catherine of Siena's part in the Great Western Schism?
Catherine convinced Gregory the 11 to return from Avignon
How did the Plague affect the Church? Who was "blamed" for the plague?
bubonic plague..priests and monasteries were lost...jews were blamed
What is a mystic? Who are some famous mystics?
experiences a strong, tangible sense of communion with God...in this life. Ex. St. Francis and St. John of Cross
Who are the conversos?
Jews or Muslims- in Spain they had to convert or they would have been kicked out of the country
What was Luther's objection to Indulgences?
1517/1521. protestant reformation when Luther was excommunicated . objected to money indulgences money+power=corruption
What was decided at the Peace of Augsburg?
The princes could choose what religion their people would be
What did the Puritans want to do the Church?
they wanted purify or get rid of anything that was catholic
Who is responsible for the presbyter form of Church leadership?
John Calvin and Elders
Who founded the Society of Jesus?
St. Ignatious of Loyola
When was the Council of Trent and what was their contribution?
clarified Catholic Teaching in light of the reformation
What is the Magisterium? Who makes up the Magisterium? What "areas" of Church life do they guide the people of God?
the teaching authority of the Church. All the Bishops make up the Magisterium and the Pope is the head of the Magisterium. They guide faith and morals
What is an encyclical? What is a pastoral?
encyclical: popes write these
pastoral: official teachings by bishops
What was the problem between Henry VIII and Thomas More?
Marriage was not annulled he wouldn't support henry leader of england
Who was called the "Defender of the Faith"?
Who is Spanish, a mystic, a Doctor of the Church and a Discalced Carmelite?
St.Teresa of Avila
Who is Spanish, a mystic, a reformer of his order and a Doctor of the Church?
St. John of the Cross
Who advocated the heliocentric view of our solar system?
Galileo- the plants revolve around the sun
What happened during the Enlightenment?
reason and science became an accepted source of truth for many replacing scripture for some people
What are the principles of Deism? Do Catholics agree or disagree with Deism?
God is like a watchmaker who created the world and left it to run on itself which means god does not want to intervene. Catholics disagree with deism
Why did Napoleon and Pope Pius VII sign a concordat?
gave the pope some power the both had their reasons napoleon preserving his Empire
When was Vatican I? What is "ex cathedra"?
1962-1965. Ex cathedra is from the chair- infallibility the pope can speak without error ex. Assumption of Mary
St. Francis de Sales
Advocated good habits in everyday life
St. John Baptist de la Salle
patron Saint of teachers
St. Francis Xavier
Missionary to India and Japan immediate follower of Ignatius
founder of Sisters of Notere Dame
Monk in kentucky and wrote a lot about his spiritual life Mr.Normans favorite monk followed the rule of Benedict
Who convened Vatican II (1962-1965)
What is aggiornamento?
to make things ready for today
The Documents of Vatican II (1962-1965)
Liturgical renewal, revisions are made to the mass, increased participation of laity, more respect for other religions, language,etc.
Pope Paul VI . Why is he called The Pope of Social Justice?
Archbishop el Salvador murdered for speaking out for all the poor
Blessed Mother Teresa .She wins the Nobel Peace Prize
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