67 terms

Cellular Respiration Review

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What is it called when plants use sunlight to make food?
Photosynthesis
What is it called when cells release the stored energy from glucose?
Cellular Respiration
Which process produces most of the world's oxygen?
Photosynthesis
How many phosphate groups are in ATP?
3
How many phosphate groups are in ADP?
2
Light energy is converted to what kind of energy in photosynthesis?
chemical
What are the reactants of photosynthesis?
Carbon dioxide, sunlight and water
What are the products of photosynthesis?
Glucose and oxygen
What are the reactants of cell respiration?
Glucose and oxygen
What are the products of cell respiration?
Carbon dioxide, water and ATP
Where does photosynthesis take place?
chloroplast
What is the first step of respiration?
glycolysis
What is the second step of respiration?
kreb's cycle
What is the third step of respiration?
Electron transport chain
Which step does glucose split into two molecules of pyruvic acid?
glycolysis
Where does glycolysis take place
cytoplasm
Where does aerobic respiration take place?
mitochondria
In the electron transport chain what is pumped across the chain?
hydrogen
Where does the energy that isn't used by the body go (it can't be lost)?
heat
What does anaerobic mean?
no oxygen
What is the name of the molecule that is used for energy by the cell?
ATP
What molecule does aerobic cellular respiration start with?
Acetyl- CoA
What step of respiration is the most ATP formed?
ETC
What is the name of the molecule that glucose is split into during glycolysis?
pyruvate
How many ATP are put into glycolysis to get the process started?
2
What is the net gain of ATPs in glycolysis?
2
What is produced when your muscles go through anaerobic respiration?
lactic acid
What is produced in the Krebs cycle?
carbon dioxide, ATP, NADH, FADH2
Of those produced in the Krebs cycle, which is considered waste?
carbon dioxide
Of those produced in the Krebs cycle, which two move onto the ETC/ oxidative phosphorylation?
NADH, FADH2
Where does the Krebs cycle take place (be specific)?
matrix of the mitochondria
Where does the electron transport chain take place?
mitochondrial membrane
How much ATP is produced in the Krebs cycle?
2
What is the overall purpose of respiration?
produce ATP
What are the names of the two intermediate energy carriers?
NADH, FADH2
What is glycolysis followed by is there is oxygen present?
Kreb's cycle
What is glycolysis followed by is there if there is NOT oxygen present?
fermentation
What happens to pyruvate in order to become Acetyl CoA?
Loses CO2 and joins with coenzyme A
What does Acetyl CoA join with to become citrate in the Krebs cycle?
oxoloacetate
When NAD+ forms NADH is it being reduced or oxidized?
reduced
What is oxidation?
lose of electrons
What is reduction?
gain of electrons
What happens to ADP in order to become ATP?
becomes phosphorylated
How many carbons does pyruvate have?
3
How many carbons does Acetyl CoA have?
2
How many carbons does oxaloacetate have?
4
How many carbons does citrate have?
6
How many ATP are produced overall in Cellular respiration?
36
Protects root tip of cell
Root Cap
Transports water
Xylem
Transports food and nutrients
Phloem
Embryonic plant tissue that helps to keep growing
Meristem
Loss of water through leaves of plant
Transpiration
Control opening and closing of stomata
Guard Cell
Opening that exchanges gas and water vapor
Stoma
Waxy outer covering of leaf
Cuticle
Brightly colored to attract pollinators
Petal
One cotydelon, parallel veins in leaves, corn
Monocot
Two cotydelons, netlike veins in leaves, beans
Dicot
Adaptation for plants in dry conditions. Keep stoma closed during the day
CAM plants
Female part of plant
pistil
Contain eggs
ovary
Male part of plant
stamen
Used for gas exchange
spongy cell
Protects flower bud before opening
sepal
Absorbs sunlight, makes sugar
chloroplast
Mature ovary that protects seeds
fruit