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Derivational Morpheme

meaningful unit that can be combined with roots or stems to form new meanings and parts of speech


relating to the social context of language use


bound morpheme used before (prefix), after (suffix), within (infix), or around (circumfix) a root to change meaning

denotative meaning

dictionary definition


linguistic system used by an individual


study of morphemes and how their distribution relates to form and structure of words

phonemic awareness

awareness that words are made up of segments of speech which can be represented by letters in writing (alphabetic orthography)


an approach to the study of letters and the sounds they represent, an approach for teaching reading using sound-symbol correspondences


rule system within a language for how phonemes are uttered, sequenced and patterned to represent meanings

short story

2,000-10,000 words. by virtue of length has a purpose that is singular or length. Plot, character, setting, pov, theme. Often rely on symbolism, epiphanic moments. Nathaniel Hawthorne: young goodman browne, Edgar Allen Poe: fall of the house of Usher. 19th century developed


more developed. around since middle ages; Chaucer: Canterbury Tales, Boccaccio: Decameron. complicated plots, subplots, characterization, developed ideas. Several types picaresque, realistic, mystery gothic, bildungsroman

Folk Tales

As old as language. Prose narratives arising from oral traditions. Includes Legends, fairy tales, animal folk tales.


creation stories, tribal beginnings; often include supernatural beings, semi-historical figures. Told as if factual, set in specific time and place.

Fairy tales

presented as fictional. often have formulaic opening line. supernatural adventures youngest daugthers, princesses, princes and fantastic creatures suhc as fairies, elves, mermaids

Animal folk tales

usually anthropomorphic and displaying human qualities


often set outside of historical timeline. often concerning Gods, giants and beings beyond usual human experience. often closely related to religious, spiritual beliefs and core values


written verse, perhaps with rhythm and/or rhyme scheme. Most condensed and refined medium, heightened emotional expression. All cultures have version of poetry. Major categories: narrative, dramatic, lyric.

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