46 terms

Anatomy Test 1

1. Nonkeratinized cells exfoliate from the surface of the skin.
2. Fibrocartilage is found in intervertebral discs.
3. Dendrites in a neuron send outgoing signals to other cells.
thoracic; cranial
4. The __________ cavity is inferior to the _____________ cavity.
organ system, organ, tissue, cell, organelle
5. Which of the following lists levels of human structure from the most complex to the simplest?
hydrolysis; polymer
6. A ______ converts a ______ to its monomers.
7. The four primary tissue types found in adult organs include all of the following except
8. The clear gel inside a cell is called
histological section.
9. A thin, stained slice of tissue mounted on a microscope is called a
Epithelial tissue
10. _______________ lines body cavities, covers the body surface, and forms the lining of many organs.
simple columnar.
11. An epithelium with all cells tall and narrow and with every cell touching the basement membrane is called ________________
12. The four primary tissue types found in adult organs include all of the following except
Transitional; stratified squamous
14. __________________ epithelium found in the bladder resembles ______________ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened
Nonkeratinized; vagina
15. _______________ epithelium provides a moist and slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress, as in the ________________.

elastic cartilage.
16. The shape of a person's external ear is given by
dense regular and dense irregular connective tissues.
17. Fibroblasts and protein fibers are associated with both
striated and voluntary.
18. Skeletal muscle is described as
29. ________________________ is the DNA base sequence complementary to the strand TGCCAT
tRNA, mRNA, and DNA
30. Anticodons, codons, and base triplets correspond to ________________, respectively.
33. In the cell cycle, DNA polymerase is most active in _____ phase.
34. All of the following participate in DNA replication except
35. The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
46; metaphase
36. A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
37. The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate
38. If a cell doubled in diameter, it would have twice as much cytoplasm to maintain
extracellular fluid.
39. The fluid outside of a cell is called
40. The flat-shaped cells found covering the skin are
41. _____________ consume ATP when transferring solutes from one side to the other side of the plasma membrane.
Filtration; hydrostatic pressure
42. _____________ is the process in which ____________ forces water and small solutes such as salts through narrow clefts between capillary cells.
43. The most abundant element in the human body, by weight, is
A. electrons.
44. The bonding properties of an atom are determined by its
surface tension; cohesiveness
45. When you jump off a high diving board into water, you notice great resistance of water. This resistance is called __________ and is caused by water's great ______.
lemon juice, pH = 2.3
46. Which of these has the highest H+ concentration?
47. The breakdown of glycogen (an energy-storage compound) is an example of a(n) ______ reaction.
decrease in reactant concentrations
48. Which one of the following would not increase the rate of a reaction?
49. Blood pH is approximately 7.4, which is slightly acidic.
50. A solution is a mixture composed of two or more substances that are physically blended but not chemically combined.
51. Homeostasis and occupying space are both unique characteristics of living things
52. Anatomists over the world adhere to a lexicon of standard international terms, which stipulates both Latin names and accepted English equivalents.
inductive method.
53. The process of using numerous observations to develop general principles and predictions about a specific subject is called
54. An educated speculation or a possible answer to a question is called a(n)
a theory
55. Which of the following would contain the greatest amount of information that scientists consider to be true to the best of their knowledge?
56. ________________ established a code of ethics for physicians. He is considered the "father of medicine."
57. A new drug apparently increases short-term memory. Students were divided randomly into two groups at the beginning of the semester. One group was given the memory pill once a day for the semester, and the other group was given a same-looking pill, but it was just sugar. The sugar pill is termed a(n)
organ, organelles
58. An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
59. A(n) _____________ is a group of similar cells and their intercellular materials in a discrete region of an organ performing a specific function.