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74 terms

History and Theory of Arch. Exam 3

STUDY
PLAY
half-timber
construction system in which a wooden frame is left exposed and filled in with brick or plaster
Bible for the poor (Biblia Pauperum)
about educating the poor and illiterate, aka "cathedral"
rose window
large round medieval window with radiating tracery
tracery
pattern of curvilinear, perforated ornament within the upper part of a medieval window
pointed arch
consists of two curves and has a point at its top
ribbed vault
web of ribs supports, or seems to support, the vault
porch
covered entranceway to a building
tympanum
triangular space within the moldings of a pediment; North Porch - local religious figures, South Porch - Virgin Mary, Central Porch - Christ or Last Judgement
stereotomy
art of cutting stone into shapes or figures
Lux/Lumen/Illumination
physical light; transformed, sacred after passing through glass; passes through to human, associated with wisdom, knowledge
City of God (Civitas Dei)
cathedral was the imperfect version of the divine city
Abbey Cluny
Cluny, France
1095 CE
St. Denis
Paris, France
1144 CE
Abbey Suger
Chartres Cathedral
Chartes, France
ca 12th Century
Salisbury Cathedral
Salisbury, England
1220 CE
Villard de Honnecourt
had a sketchbook that showed the traditions of master masons as essentially the "architect" of the Middle Ages
loggia
roofed porch or gallery with an open arcade or colonnade on one or more sides
lantern
small, windowed tower on top of a roof or dome admitting light to the space below
Vitruvian Man
Leonardo da Vinci and others; ideal version of the body, part to whole relates, prompts interest in anatomy
linear perspective
lines drawn to a vanishing point; way to connect world to divinity
fortuna (fortune)
chance
Hospital of the Innocents
Florence, Italy
1419 CE
Filippo Brunelleschi
Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore
Florence, Italy
1296 CE
Filippo Brunelleschi
Tempietto
In the courtyard of St. Peter's in Montorio
Rome, Italy
ca 1500 CE
Donato Bramante
Tempio Malatestiano
Rimini, Italy
ca 1450 CE
Leon Battista Alberti
On the Art of Building
book by Leon Battista Alberti, written 1443-1452
The Prince
book by Machievelli, written 1513, publish 1532
Timaeus
book by Plato, ca 4th Century BC; elaborate account about formation of universe (logical explanation), anthropomorphic, Christian relevance
invention of printing press
1440 by Johannes Gutenberg; acts as a vehicle in distribution of knowledge
trampe-l'oeil (trump loy)
French for "fool the eye"
Teatro Olimpico (Olympic Theatre)
Vicenza, Italy
1580
Andrea Palladio and Vincenzo Scamozzi
Tuleries Palace & Garden
Paris, France
1564
Philibert de I'Orme & Bernard Palissy
Chateau d'Anet (Palace of Anet)
Dreux, France
1552
Philibert de I'Orme
Hyperotomachia Poliphili
book about Poliphilo's strife of love in a dream
Venice 1499
Main character: Poliphilo and Polia
palazzo
an impressive public building or private residence; palace
piazza
open area in a city usually surrounded by buildings or streets, paved and landscaped
monstra
demonstration
parterre
a formally patterned flower garden
grotto
underwater multi-sensory scenes, places of wonder
automata
a mechanical figure or contrivance constructed to act as if by its own motive power
7 hills of Rome
Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Celiam, Aventine, and Palatine
4 Papal Basilica of Rome
St. Peter, Santa Maria Maggiore, St Paul outside the walls, St. John Lateran
Tiber River
traffic way in Rome, Italy
Pope Sixtus V
promotes restoration of the city
Borgo
a rioni or district of Rome near the Vatican
Map of Rome
1551 CE
Leonardo Bufalini
Fontana dell'Acqua Felice
Rome, Italy
1585 CE
Domenico Fontana
Piazza del Popolo
Rome, Italy
(Baroque)
Castel Sant'Angelo
Rome, Italy
Santa Maria Maggiore
Rome, Italy
Boboli Gardens
Florence, Italy
ca 16th Century CE
Gardens of the Villa Lante
near Viterbo, Italy
ca 16th Century CE
mannerism
a style in the fine arts developed principally in Europe during the 16th century, chiefly characterized by a complex perspectival system, elongation of forms, strained gestures or poses of figures, and intense, often strident color.
pediment
crowning feature over door or window
giant order
two story column order; example in Piazza del Campidoglio
console (or scroll)
type of bracket or corbel, particularly one with a scroll-shaped profile
anamorphosis
sense of pushing perspective, no sense of start or end
Galileo Galilei
idea: book of nature is written in number
Rene Descartes
Mind/Spirit (res cogito) and Body/World (res extensa)
St. Peter's Basilica
Rome, Italy
Dome - Michelangelo, Giacomo della Porta
Facade - Carlo Moderno
Piazza with colonnade and interior Baldachinno - Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Laurentian Library
Florence, Italy
1525 CE
Michelangelo
Piazza del Campidoglio
Rome, Italy
1538 CE
Michelangelo
Santa Sindone
Turin, Italy
1667 CE
Guarnino Guarini
St. Andrea al Quirinale
Rome, Italy
1658 CE
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Church of St. John Nepomuk
Zelena Hora, Czech Republic
1720
Santini Aichel
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Rome, Italy
1638 CE
Francesco Boromini
St. Ivo
Rome, Italy
1642 CE
Francesco Boromini
Karlskirche (Church of St. Charles)
Vienna, Austria
1716
J.B. Fisher von Eriach, G.W. Leibniz
Quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns
questions about authority of past and ideas of progress
Ancients
Nicholas Boileau & Francois Blondel
Moderns
Claude and Charles Perrault & Fontenelle
Ordinance of the Five Kinds of Columns
book by Claude Perrault in 1683; Main points are right mean (juste milieu), rejects optical correction, positive beauty, arbitrary beauty
Palace and Gardens of Versailles
Versailles, France
Eastern Facade of Louvre
Paris, France
1667
Claude Perrault