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a single individual's development and growth; a quest or story; novel about the moral development of the main character; a coming of age novel
a discrepancy between the expected result and the actual results (Bill Gates winning the lottery)
natural rhythms of phrases and normal pauses; contrast of stressed and unstressed syllables
a short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings; (sonnet, ode); does not tell a story
a character who contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or story; (Tybalt and Benvolio)
character speaks as if they are alone and to themselves; inner thoughts; not aware that audience hears
in poetry, a line ending in a full pause; often indicated by appropriate punctuation
a line having no pause or end punctuation but having uninterrupted grammatical meaning continuing into the next line
a releasing of emotional or other tension resulting from a comic interposed in the midst of serious or tragic elements in a drama
"double-meaning" word or phrase having a double meaning; especially when second is sexual or humorous
reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature, without explicit identification
basic unit of meter consisting of a set number of strong stresses and light stresses; two syllables long
two-syllable unit or foot of poetry consisting of a heavy stress followed by a light stress.
Japanese poetry; consists of three lines; first line contains five syllables, the second line contains seven, and the last line five
contradictory situation in a manner that oddly makes sense on a deeper level; reveal a deeper truth through their contradictions
a short verse or motto appearing at the beginning of a longer poem or the title page of a novel
narrative poem on a serious subject; focused on the exploits of a hero or demi-god who represents the cultural values of a race, nation, or religious group
original model or pattern that recurres, especially a character, an action, or situation that seems to represent common patterns of human life; include a symbol, a theme, a setting, or a character
conspicuous recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature
Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each with the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents
En medias res
describes a narrative that begins not at the beginning of a story, but somewhere in the middle, usually at some crucial point in the action
when the narrator is telling the story from his/her point of view, the word "I" is present outside of quotes
narrator who knows everything that needs to be known about the agents and events in the story, and is free to move at will in time and place, and who has privileged access to a character's thoughts, feelings, and motives
the narrator seems to be someone standing outside the story who refers to all the characters by name or as he, she and they
a rhyme either of two syllables of which the second is unstressed; occurs when the rhyme ends on an unstressed syllable (i.e. "calling" and "falling")
"mental pictures" that readers experience with a passage of literature; sensory perceptions referred to in a poem
abstractions, animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are given human character, traits, abilities, or reactions
repeating a consonant sound in close proximity to others, or beginning several words with the same vowel sound
A prayer or address made to the one of the nine muses of Greco-Roman mythology, in which the poet asks for the inspiration, skill, knowledge, or appropriate mood to create a poem worthy of his subject-matter
A short, poetic nickname--often in the form of an adjective or adjectival phrase--attached to the normal name
The repetition of consonant sounds with differing vowel sounds in words near each other in a line or lines of poetry
Conflict: man vs nature
when a character has problems with outside forces, weather, animals, land, etc.
Conflict: man vs self
internal conflit. Not all conflicts involve other people. Sometimes people are their own worst enemy
Conflict: man vs society
a character has a problem with some element of society: the school, the law, the "accepter" way of doing things
When the conjunctions (such as "and" or "but") that would normally connect a string of words, phrases, or clauses are omitted from a sentence
the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others
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