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MR CLAUS INVESTIGATIVE SCIENCE FINAL 2015 PART 2
Terms in this set (45)
Einstein explained that gravity is a force that travels at the speed of what?
The current method to develop a single theory to unify all the known forces in the universe is called what?
What contributes to our windpatterns?
The deflections of wind due to the Coriolis effect is stronger where?
In the northern hemisphere the Coriolis effect causes the path of wind to curve where?
Pressure data on a map or shown using what?
Air flows out of high-pressure areas into where?
low pressure areas
Why does the Coriolis effect exist?
it is caused by the rotation of the earth
Looking up at the South Pole the rotation of the earth looks like is going which direction?
Looking towards the north pole from the equator air rises and turns to which side?
As air masses move towards the equator from the north pole they turn to which side?
Air masses that are rising produce a lower pressure area around which the winds blow in which direction?
Weather occurs in which layer of the atmosphere?
Which "vehicle" allowed researchers several centuries ago to obtain atmospheric data?
Who is given credit for the invention of the thermometer?
Which two gases have the greatest concentration of the atmosphere?
oxygen and nitrogen
Which variable gases have a significant effect on the dynamics of the atmosphere?
methane and carbon dioxide
What protects the atmosphere from ultraviolet light?
Do the earth and the moon have similar numbers of impacts from meteors?
What is the upper layer of the atmosphere?
What happens when air masses are heated by the sun?
they become dense and rise to higher altitudes
Tradewinds are Coriolis wins that travel in which direction?
Why do winds blow towards the ocean at night and towards the land during the day?
because land masses heat up and cool down more easily than oceans
What can be much stronger than the Coriolis force?
local weather forced
What is not a characteristic of the tropical rain forest biome?
nutrient rich soil
Which biome has evergreen trees as the dominant vegetative form?
Which biome is characterized by very little vegetation and animal life?
Which biome is permafrost associated with?
In which biome is the greatest diversity of plants and animals found?
tropical rainforest biome
Which biome is found as a result of the rain shadow?
Which biome has fire as a major abiotic factor?
Which climate zone extends from the equator to 30° north and south?
tropical climate zone
Which region has grass as the dominant form of vegetation?
What is a rain shadow?
an area that is very dry
Which abiotic factors have the most effect on land biomes?
temperature and precipitation
Which biome is home of coral reefs and kelp forests?
In which zones to the ocean and the land meet?
What characterizes taiga as a terrestrial biome?
What vegetation is found in a desert?
plants with a waxy coating
Which biome has the highest annual precipitation rate?
Which biome has mostly shallow rooted low growing plants that can reproduce by budding and division?
Which soils have higher levels of nutrients and a dark thick layer of topsoil?
Which biome is characterized by sandy soil?
What is the best description of a biome?
and interdependent system of plants animals and land
How are taiga and tundra different?
evergreen trees grow in taiga and tundra has little plant growth
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