Collins 2nd Final
Terms in this set (75)
___- people who favored a Jewish national homeland in Palestine and made up only 10% of the pop.
___ was when Jews asked that a Jewish nation be carved out of the territory of Palestine. However, it was deemed unworkable because the two sides could not live together.
The UN gave ___% of the area to the Jews who made up ___% of the population.
___ was the date of the formation of Israel. ___, long-time leader of the Jews and the first prime-minister who announced the creation of an independent Israel.
May 14, 1948; David Ben Gurion
___ took control of the Gaza Strip, and ____ annexed the West Bank.
___ ordered the seizure of the Suez Canal in 1956. He led the military coup that overthrew King Farouk in 1952.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
U.S. and the British stopped funding the building of the ___.
___ was Israel's outlet to the Red Sea.
Gulf of Aqad
The Israelis attacked airfields in Egypt, Iran, Jordan, and Syria. Israeli ground forces struck like lightning on three fronts. Israel lost 800 troops. Arab losses exceeded 15,000. This was known as the ______. As a consequence, Israel occupied militarily the old city of ____, the Sinai Peninsula, the ____, and the West Bank.
Six-Day War; Jerusalem; Golan Heights
___ was Nasser's successor who planned a joint Arab attack on the date of Yom Kippur. Later was assassinated by a group of Muslim extremists.
Israel's' prime minister ___ launched a counterattack and regained lost territory.
The 1973 War was also known as the ___ war.
Sadat offered peace to Israel in ___.
President ____ sent Sadat and Israeli prime minister, ____, to Camp David.
Carter; Menachem Begin
The ____ was the first signed agreement between Israel and an Arab country.
Camp David Accords
Egypt's new leader,______, maintained peace with Israel.
Palestinians resented Israeli rule so they turned increasingly to the ___, led by____.
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO); Yasir Arafat
Campaigns of civil disobedience called the ____, or "uprising."
___ , a document that stated Israeli, agreed to grant the Palestinians self-rule in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Declaration of Principles
____, Israeli Prime Minister that was later assassinated in 1995 by right-wing Jewish extremist.
Nigeria was occupied by three major ethnic groups: ____ (Muslim; North),____ (Southwest;Christians or animists),____(Southeast; Christians or animists).
Hausa-Fulani; Yoruba; Igbo
___- power is shared between state governments and a central authority.
___- temporary military rule.
In 1967, the Eastern Region seceded from Nigeria, declaring itself the new nation of ____. Later surrendered after a three year war trying to reunite Nigeria. Several million Igbo died.
____ was the world's seventh largest oil producer.
n 1983, the military overthrew the civilian government. The army held elections in 1993, which resulted in the victory of ____. However, officers declared the results not valid and handed power to a new dictator,____.
Moshoob Abiolal; Sani Abacha
___ were opponents of government policy.
In ___, South Africa gained self-rule as a dominion of the ____ Empire.
The National Party promoted _____, or Dutch South African, Nationalism.
The National Party instituted a policy of ___, a complete separation of the races.
Blacks made up ___% of the population, the government set aside only ___% of the land for them.
Black South Africans who hated the controls by the white minority formed the ____ to fight for their rights.
African National Congress (ANC)
In the ____ Massacre, police killed 69 people. After this the government banned the ANC and imprisoned ANC leader ____.
Sharpville; Nelson Mandela
___ legalized the ANC and agreed to hold South Africa's first universal elections, in which people of all races could vote, in April ___.
F.W. de Klerk; 1994
ANC won ___% of the vote. They won ___ of 400 seats in the National Assembly.
___- a movement to celebrate African culture, heritage, and values. ___ was one of the movement's leaders and later became the first president of Senegal.
Negritude Movement; Leopold Senghor
The British Colony of the Gold Coast was later renamed ___ when they gained their independence in ___.
___ was the leader of large nonviolent protests. He was influenced by the thinkings of ___ to create a Pan-African Congress. He also formed the ___ in 1963.
Kwame Nkrumah; Marcus Garvey; Organization of African Unity (OAU)
____ was a Kenyan nationalist who was a Kikuyu educated in London.
Kenya was granted independence from ____ in ___.
____ was a secret society made up mostly of Kikuyu farmers forced out of the highlands by the British.
____ was Kenyatta's successor who was less successful in governing the country.
Daniel Arab Moi
Belgium granted independence to the Congo in ___.
___ became the nation's first prime minister.
In the mineral-rich southeastern province of Katanga, a local leader named ____ declared that region's independence.
____ from Katanga's mines was the nation's primary export.
A coup led by an army officer, known as ___ overthrew Lumumba and turned him over to his enemy. He later overthrew Tshombe and seized power in 1965. He remained the Congo___.
Mobutu Sese Seko; Zaire
____ overthrew Mobutu in 1997.
France claimed to offer full citizenship rights to its colonial subjects- a policy called___.
In 1954, ____ announced its intention to fight for independence.
The Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN)
European settlers in Algeria began calling for the WWII hero ____ to return as president of France and restore order in the French colony.
Charles De Gaulle
In Algeria, independence came in ____.
_____ , a leader of the FLN who had imprisoned by the French, was named first prime minister and first president.
Ahmed Ben Bella
The chief Islamic party, the ____, won local and parliamentary elections in 1990 and 1991.
Islamic Salvation Front (FIS)
The ___ withdrew from Angola in ___.
The Communist ___ declared itself the rightful government. They were assisted by 50,000 troops from ___ in the fight for power between two other groups: ___,___.
MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola); Cuba; FNLA (National Front for the Liberation of Angola); UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola)
Brazil gained independence from ___ in ___.
___ became dictator of Brazil.
____ helped develop Brazil's economy and build a new capital city ___.
Juscelino Kubitschek; Brasilia
___- breaking up large estates and distributing that land to peasants.
In___, with the blessing of wealthy Brazilians, the army seized power in a military coup.
___-quality of life.
Standard of Living
___- or slowdown in the economy.
___ was an indirectly elected civilian president who took office in 1985.
In 1994, Brazilians elected ____ , who achieved some success in tackling the nation's economic and political problems.
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Following the Mexican Revolution, the government passed the ____. It outlined a democracy and promised reforms.
Constitution of 1917
____ tried to improve life for peasants and workers in Mexico.
The main political party changed its name to the ___. they became the main force for political stability in Mexico.
Institutional Revolution Party (PRI)
On ____, protesters gathered at the site of an ancient Aztec market in Mexico City. This massacre in the Aztec ruins claimed several hundred lives.
October 2, 1968
PRI candidate, ___, won the presidency- some argued fraud.
Salinas de Gortari
In the elections of 1994, PRI candidate, _____, won in what appeared to be a fair ballot.
In 2000, ___ was elected as president and ended the 71 year PRI rule.
Argentine workers supported an army officer, ___, who won the presidency and then established democracy. He received critical support from his wife, ___ or "___."
Peron; Eva (Evita)
In 1982, the military government went to war with Britain in the ____ Islands.
___ was elected president in the country's first truly free election in 40 years when the generals stepped down after a humiliating defeat.