Ch. 29: World War I

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Terms in this set (...)

What impact did the war have on the economy of Europe?
It drained the treasuries of Europe
What was the American public's opinion about joining the league of Nations?
It believed that the United States should stay out of European affairs
Who am i?
-19 year old punk
-member of the Black Hand
-Killed Franz Ferdinand with a pistol in Sarajevo
Gavrilo Princip
The Schlieffen Plan called for Germany to breach neutrality of:
Belgium
The purpose of propaganda during World War I was to:
influence public opinion
What region was referred to as the "power keg" of Europe
The Balkan Peninsula
The treaty of nations "self-determination" was a guiding principle of:
Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points
Why did Italy refuse to support its ally Germany?
It accused Germany of starting the war
The Zimmermann note, which pushed the United States to enter the war, exposed the German plan to
help Mexico regain U.S. territory
Why were Germany and Austria-Hungary known as Central Powers
Because of their location in the heart of Europe
Which of the following events occurred after the Americans joined the war?
The Ottoman Turks and Bulgarians surerndered
Two types of poison gas used in WWI?
Mustard and chlorine
What was trench warfare intended to accomplish
to protect soldiers from enemy gun fire on the front lines
What is the most probable link between militarism and imperialism
as a country gains colonies, its military grows to protect them
What event in Sarajevo ignited the Great War?
the assassination of Sophie and Franz Ferdinand
How did the Treaty of Versailles affect postwar Germany
It left a legacy of bitterness and hatred in the hearts of the German people
Why did Otto von Bismarck seek alliances that later became the Triple Alliance
to isolate France
The key battles of the Marne, Verdun, Somme, and St. Mihiel were all fought in:
France
An arrangement or understanding between two or more nations agreeing to follow a particular policy with regard to affairs of international concern:
Entente
Which of the following was a goal of the Allies' Gallipoli campaign
to establish a supply line to Russia
What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to?
Germany's policy to sink any ship in British haters without warning
Wha key factor led to the formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente?
Otto von Bismarcks fear of France's army and Britain's fear of Germany's empire
Which nation's actions caused the United States to fight in WWI?
Germany
What did the war become once the participating countries began devoting all of their resources to the war effort?
Total war
What action on November 1918 brought the war to an end?
An armistice was signed
the Central powers were comprised of
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire/turkey
What is the policy of glorifying power and keeping an army prepared for war
militarism
First battle exclusively using American troops under American commanders:
Battle of San Jacinto
Western Front means warfare was centered in the following area(s):
France
An automatic machine gun utilized in WWI:
Maxim
The U.S. had to draft and recruit men to fight in the Great War.... what was the target age for men?
20-50
Trench warfare dominated WWI... soldiers often experienced
shell shock
The Allied Powers were comprised of
Britain, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States
Much of the social unrest surrounding events just prior to World War I centered on
The transition from monarchies to democracies
Who led Germany during the last decade of the 1800's and most of World War I?
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Which statement summarizes the Schlieffen Plan that Germany created to prepare for a two-front war?
Attack France first, then Russia
The spreading of one-sided ideas to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause
propaganda
This is the area between the opposing trenched, a bombed-out landscape where meant met murderous rounds of machine-gun fire
no man's land
This is the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort:
total war
President of the U.S. who issued the Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson
German leader who supported Austria's war with Serbia
Kaiser Wilhelm II
The building up of one's armed forces and glorification of the Military
Militarism
An agreement to end fighting:
armistice
Payments for war damages
Reparations
The establishment of the (blank) was to keep peace in the future. It was Wilson's most important goal at the peace conference
League of Nations
Term for territories that were administered by western powers after WWI:
Mandates
Treaty signed early in 1918 with Germany, ending Russian participation in WWI:
treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Practice that Germans initiated with their U-boats:
Unrestricted submarine warfare
This weapon contributed most to the stalemate on the Western Front during WWI:
Automatic machine gun
This country's (late) involvement had the greatest impact on the outcome of WWI:
United States
The Ottoman Empire joined and fought in the side of this alliance
the Central Powers
This goal for postwar peace was shared by the British and French leaders
to weaken Germany and make it pay for the war
These countries declared war on each other:
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
Which of the following was not a cause of WWI:
Hundred Year's war
All these were major battles of WWI except:
Battle of Antietam
Which of the following military technologies were developed during WWI?
gas masks and tanks
Who won WWI?
Allies in 1918
Which country made the first declaration of war?
Austria-Hungary
In what city was Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated
Sarajevo
Germany's attack upon which country directly provoked Britain to go to war?
Belgium
A stretch of battlefield along the German Russian border
Eastern Front
Soldiers experienced this due to their extensive time in the ditches
trench foot
Germany's battle plan for fighting France and Russia was called:
The Schlieffen plan
the Zimmerman Telegram urged which country to attack the United States
Mexico
Which early WWI battle is associated with the Eastern Front
The Tannenberg
A war of attrition is defined as:
A war in which victory is determined not by which size seizes the most territory but by which sides loses the most men
Who promised to pull Russia out WWI
Vladimir Lenin
The formal peace treaty with Germany
was signed at Versailles
Germany's foreign secretary, (blank), wrote the telegram that was intercepted
Arthur Zimmermann
One of the Big Four-his country was France
Georges Clemenceau
One of the Big Four-his country was Italy
Vittorio Orlando
People could buy only small amounts of items that were also needed for the war effort:
rations
what pandemic disease threatened soldiers and civilians on all sides during the late stages of WWI?
influenza
The U.S. was never a member of the (blank)
League of Nations
In WWI, what helped the German navy became so successful?
U-Boats
an alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years BEFORE World War I:
Triple Alliance
The German advance towards Paris was halted at:
Battle of Marne
What does the N stand for in ANIMAL
nationalism
Propaganda tools during WWI include all except:
mandatory singing songs before battles
Most world leaders thought Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points were too (blank)
idealistic
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German submarine:
Lusitania