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8 terms

Bio Chapter 9

STUDY
PLAY
calorie (A)
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxygen
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
glycolysis
first set of reactions in cellular respiration during which 1 molecule of glucose, a 6-carbon compound, is transformed into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid, a 3-carbon compound
NAD+
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Krebs cycle
second stage of cellular respiration in which pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy-extracting reactions
matrix
innermost compartment of the mitochondrion