20 terms

Egyptian, Greek, and Roman Art Descriptions

Egyptian Tomb Art
Egyptian, 5000 BC-300 AD; relief sculpture/painting; religious/story-telling; told one of the stories of Osiris, an Egyptian god, guiding people on their journey into the Underworld
Egyptian Relief Sculpture
Egyptian, around 5000 BC- 300 AD; relief sculpture; religious/story-telling; this one contained queen Nefrititi, Akhenaten, and some of their children giving thanks to Aten
Bust of Queen Nefrititi
Egyptian, about 1360 BC; painted bust; aesthetic/political; wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten, icon of female beauty, one of the most famous women of ancient world, cultural icon of modern countries and ancient Egypt
King Tut funeral mask
Egyptian, 1352 BC; sculpture (gold, etc.); utilitarian/aesthetic; emblems on forehead (vulture/cobra) and shoulders (falcon) symbols of upper/lower Egypt and divine authority, protected the pharaoh
Pyramids at Giza
Egyptian, about 2530-2470 BC; architecture; political/religious; pyramids of Cheops, Chefren, and Mycerinus, oldest of 7 wonders of the world, symbol of power
Egyptian Jewelry
Egyptian, as early as 3100 BC; jewelry; aesthetic; held important motifs and colors, showed a person's status/wealth
The Parthenon
Greek, 438 BC; architecture; religious; served as a temple to Greek goddess Athena (wisdom) in Athens
Greek Column Orders
Greek, around 5th century BC: architecture; aesthetic; Doric is plain, Ionic is slimmer and has scroll-like top, Corinthian is detailed with acanthus leaves
Archaic Greek Statues
Greek, 600 BC; sculpture; aesthetic; Kouros is archaic sulpture showing male nude, frontal, rigid stance with no muscle definition and no emotion, figure was stylized and did not represent real people
Kritios Boy
Greek, around 480 BC; sculpture; aesthetic; 1st to exhibit contrapposto which broke away from primitive attempts, 1st free-standing human sculpture
King Laocoon and his Sons
Greek, around 1st century BC; sculpture; story-telling; told Virgil's Aeneid (punished by gods for trying to warn about the Trojan horse)
Nike of Samothrace
Greek, 2nd century BC (190 BC); sculpture; religious; honored Greek-goddess Nike and a sea battle, symbol of Winged Victory, the space around her become important parts of the sculpture itself because of the way it was created
Black-figured Greek Vase
Greek, about 6th century BC; sculpture; story-telling; depicted runners which probably was about the Olympics
Red-figured Greek Vase
Greek, about 5th century BC; sculpture; story-telling; allowed for more detail on humans, ornaments, etc.
The Colosseum
Roman, 72-80 AD; architecture; political; used the fear tactic, killed people in their games daily, used for entertainment
The Pantheon
Roman, 118-125 AD; architecture; religious; only temple for the Roman gods/goddesses, dome created with concrete, only source of light was a single round opening at the top
Statue of Constantine
Roman, 330 AD; sculpture; political; showed Roman emperor Constantine the Great, part of an enormous sculpture that was once placed in his basilica, the eyes were large and seem to be fixed some part above our head (eternity?)
Bronze Statue of Marcus Aurelius
Roman, 161-180 AD; sculpture; political; themes of power and divine grandeur, pictured him as victorious and all conquering, only well-preserved equestrian statue from antiquity to survive
Portrait Bust of a Roman Man
Roman, 1st century AD; sculpture; story-telling; Roman virtue called for morality, a serious, responsible public bearing, and courageous endurance in battle, which was shown here in his face
Pompeii Fresco from Villa of the Mysteries
Roman, 1st century AD; painting/fresco; story-telling; themes of torture/transfiguration, climax and completion of the rite