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40 terms

Review 1

STUDY
PLAY
The distance between two different pitches is called
an interval
If you arrive at a concert after the performance has begun, you should
wait until there is a break in the music, then enter and quickly find your seat
In a symphony concert, who is the first individual to walk on stage?
the concertmaster
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called
a melody
Genres in music means
categories of repertory
What instruments are used in a string quartet?
two violins, viola, cello
The element of music that organizes movement in time is
rhythm
A combination of three or more tons that constitutes a single block of harmony is called:
a chord
An interval of eight notes is called
an octave
A triad is:
most common chord in western music, three-note chord, and built on alternate scale steps
A combination of tones that sounds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution is called:
a dissonance
Which of the following terms describes a concordant or agreeable combination of tones?
consonant
A sustained tone that serves as harmonic support to a melodic line is called:
a drone
The element that describes the musical fabric or the relationship or musical lines within a work is called
texture
A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called
monophonic
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called
polyphonic
A texture in which a single voice takes over the melodic interest while the accompanying voices are subordinate is called:
homophonic
The texture in which all the voices move in the same rhythm is called:
homorhythm
A simple and more familiar type of canon is called
a round
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its:
tempo
The degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called:
dynamics
Which of the following dynamic markings is the softest?
pianissimo (pp)
The term timbre refers to:
the color of a tone
The standard ranges of the human voice from highest to lowest are:
soprano, alto, tenor, bass
The instruments of the Western orchestra are categorized in four groups: strings, brass, percussion, and
woodwinds
Which of the following instruments is NOT a member of the bowed string family?
the guitar
The highest-sounding member of the woodwind family is:
the piccolo
Of the following, which is not a double reed instrument?
the clarinet
The instrument normally chosen to sound the tuning note in the orchestra is:
the oboe
A fairly large body of singers who perform together is called:
a chorus
Which of the following is true of all brass instuments?
made of metal, they're blown with metal mouth piece, and the sound is created by vibrating the lips
Which of the following is NOT a member of the brass family?
English horn
The brass instrument in the brass family is:
the tuba
The percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound by:
striking or shaking
Which of the following is NOT a percussion instrument?
harp
Which of the following would be classified as an unpitched percussion instrument
bass drum
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an off beat is called:
syncopation
The term a cappella refers to choral music performed
without any accompaniment
When instruments are traditionally seated in the front of the orchestra?
strings
Musical style is best defined as:
the characteristic manner of presentation of the work.