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Test over this material AND any reading & lecture material will be on Thursday


literature based on historical events that reflect the culture, attitude and values of a society

Folk Ballads

oral tradition presented in verse. . . Ex: Sir Patrik Spens" "Get up and Bar the Door"


presents two levels of meaning figurative & literal (Everyman)


magical elements and characteristics of chivalry
1. test of honor & courage; 2. A dangerous quest; 3. A return to the point it started


also referred to as "verse"


Morality Play - teaches a lesson and a morals
Mystery/Miracle play - based on religious concepts


repetition of consonants at the beginning of a word (used to create musical tone and ease in memorizing)


Literature written in sentence and paragraph form without rhyme or meter


the imitation of sound the word describes "baaa" "bzzz"

A test of Honor and courage, A dangerous quest, A return to the point it started

Medieval Romance 3 Stages


Identify alliteration examples from Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

The Pearl Poet

What did they call the anonymous author of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight?

To wait for Lancelot before fighting Mordred

What was Gawain advise to Arthur at the beginning?


How many knights were each to bring to the battle?

Don't do it unless you see someone else do it first

What instruction was given to the knights about drawing a sword?

Bedivere and Lucan the Butler

Which knights survived the battle?


Name of Arthur's sword?

Throw it in the lake

What instruction does Arthur give Bediver regarding his sword?


How many times does it take Sir Bedivere to throw the sword into the river?

Ladies of the lake / a hand

Who retrieves the sword?

Fast & pray for Arthur

What does Bedivere vow to do with the rest of his life?


What is the legendary paradise called that the ladies may have taken King Arthur to?

sword/hand; and the ladies of Avalon

What are two examples of magic in K. A.?

Mordred is his illegitimate son

What is Arthur's relationship to Mordred?

Most important prose romance in Brititsh literature, and the Basis of the Arthurian legends

What two things is La Morte d' Arthur recognized as:

Sir Thomas Mallory

Who was the author of La Morte d'Arthur?

Served in British Parliament and was imprisoned for theft, murder, and rape

Be familiar with who Sir Thomas Mallory/the author of La Morte d'Arthur is:

Heroic Celtic king

Who is King Arthur thought to have been in real life?

Allegory, figurative, literal

Everyman is considered an _________ because it has two levels of meaning: ________ & __________

Morality play

What kind of a play is everyman?


Who begins the dialogue in Everyman?

To set the stage for what is about to happen

What was the messengers purpose?

More time, Will I return, Can someone go with me

What three things does Everyman ask of Death?


Who does Everyman ask to go with him first?

Good Deeds

Which character was too weak to go with Everyman?


Which character was too brittle?

Sense, Imagination, Fantasy, Estimation, and Memory

Who were the "five wits"?

Good Deeds

Which character does not leave Everyman?


Which character closes the play?


Be familiar with how the characters are created allegorically.


Essay Question: Was Sir Bedivere chivalrous in disposing of King Arthur's sword?


Essay Question: Explain how "Sir Gawain & the Green Knight" and/or "La Morte d' Arthur" are good examples (or not) of Medieval Romance. Consider the 3 stages and give examples.


Essay Question: Explain the two levels of an allegory as presented in "Everyman".


Essay Question: The nonphysical ideals esteemed by the knights (courage, humility, courtesy, and loyalty) are still valuable today. Imagine you are applying for a job (or a scholarship). Summarize why a particular quality is important for the role for which you are applying.


Essay Question: Explain why "La Morte d' Arthur" is classified as a Mystery Play.


Essay Question: Explain why "Everyman" is classified as a Morality Play.

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