29 terms

History Chapter 15 Worksheets - Hoyle

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Ghana
West African kingdom that grew wealthy by taxing goods carried by traders and that became an empire by about 800
Almoravids
group of Berbers who belonged to a strict Muslim brother-hood founded by Ibn Yasin, reformed Islam, lived in fortified monasteries
Mali
West African kingdom that grew wealthy from the gold trade and became an empire in the 1200s
Almohads
group of Berber Muslim reformers who followed the teachings of Ibn Tumart
Sundiata
first great leader of Mali, took over kingdom of Ghana and the cities Kumbi and Watala, promoted agriculture trade during peace time
Ibn Battuta
African historian who traveled through most of the countries in the Islamic world
Maghrib
Muslim state of North Africa that is today the Mediterranean coast of Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco, based government on Islam law
Swahili
African language formed from a Bantu language and Arabic
The city in southeastern Africa that became the capital of a thriving empire built on the gold trade between 1200s and the 1400s was _________.
Mali
The Muslim ruler of Mali who expanded the empire to about twice the size of the empire of Ghana was ____________.
Mansa Musa
The west African empire that was built by Sunni Ali in the late 1400s was _________.
Songhai
The group of people who ruled city-states between 1000 and 1200 in what is today northern Nigeria were the _________.
Hausa
The group of people who built the kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in West Africa were the ____________.
Yoruba
The empire in Southern Africa that was founded by Mutota to replace Great Zimbabwe was __________.
Mutapa
lineage
consists of descendants of a common ancestor, past generations, and future generations
stateless societies
do not have centralized system of power, had lineage groups take the place of rulers, rule was balanced among lineages of equal power
patrilineal
members trace their lineage through their fathers
matrilineal
children trace their ancestors and lineage through their mothers (men are still the family figure of authority)
mansa
emperor
Mansa Musa
Sundiata's African Muslim grandnephew who built mosques to support Muslims, made a hajj
Yoruba
west African people who formed several kingdoms, the largest being Ife and Oyo
Benin
a kingdom that arose near the Niger River delta and became a major west African State, made their homes in the forest
hunting-gathering society
spoke their own language, use their own hunting techniques, no written laws, strong male group leader
Why are written laws not necessary in these societies?
each group makes its own decisions on certain matters through long discussions with the leadership of a strong male, if one disagrees they can leave the group
Efe society
live in small groups of 10-100 members, each family has their own shelter within a camp, don't have permanent homes, women gather, men hunt
stateless society
families organized into lineages, no centralized system of power, authority given to equal lineages, have age-set system
advantages of age-set system
all people considered equal, people can form bonds outside their lineages, children learn discipline, community service, and leadership skills
Muslim theocracy
base government upon Islamic law, rely on religious scholars as government advisors
Berbers
independent desert and mountain dwellers, classified into Almoravids and Almohads