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Structure and Function of Living Organisms
Terms in this set (83)
This is any object or system that is specifically designed for the purpose of increasing or maintaining the capabilities of people. This technology belongs to the broader assistive-technology category.
This is the production of foods and goods through farming.
This is the general term for the various chemical products used in agriculture. It may refer to pesticides, fertilizers, manures, hormones and growth agents.
This is the transmission of disease or infection by bacteria or viruses traveling on dust particles or on small respiratory droplets when people sneeze, cough, laugh, or exhale.
In 1928 he discovered penicillin, made from the Penicillium notatum mold.
This is is a medical procedure used in prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities in which a small amount of amniotic fluid is extracted amniotic sac surrounding a developing fetus and the fetal DNA is examined.
This is a type protein produced by the immune system that detects foreign substances or antigens like bacteria and viruses.
This is a substance that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, or protozoa.
As opposed to pure science, which is concerned mainly with formulating and testing new hypotheses and theories, this type of science is more concerned with practical uses for scientific discoveries.
This is the process of intentionally interfering with the breeding process to encourage certain traits over others.
This is any object or system that increases or maintains the capabilities of people with or without disabilities.
One celled organisms that reproduce by fission.
This is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life.
This is a person or animal that shows no symptoms of a disease but carries the disease-causing agent and is capable of passing it on to others.
This is growing of cells in a synthetic environment.
These are organisms that come from the same cell and are genetically identical to one another.
This is an illness caused by rhinoviruses, that is spread by direct or droplet contact. Symptoms may include mucus build-up, sneezing, sore throat, cough, headache, and sometimes fever.
This is the process of giving form to an idea. Form for an idea could be a plan of action or a description of a physical thing.
This is the transmission of a disease or infection due to physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.
This is a condition or illness that prevents the body or mind from working normally.
This is an intermediate host for parasites that is a required as part of the parasite\'s development. It delivers the parasite directly to another host, avoiding a free living stage.
This holds an organisms hereditary information.
This is a technique used to distinguish between individuals of the same species using only samples of their DNA.
This is a biochemical process used for determining the order of the nucleotide bases, adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, in any DNA molecule. By comparing the DNA sequence of two organisms, scientists can see if the organisms are related or not, as well as how closely they are related.
This is a DNA molecule into which foreign DNA may be inserted. The new DNA replicates when inserted into an appropriate cell.
This is the transmission of a disease or infection by droplets containing microorganisms when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.
This is the process of separating DNA fragments by size using an electric field and a fluorescent dye.
This occurs when new cases of a specific disease occur in a given population, during a given period, that exceed what is \"expected\" based on recent experiences.
This is the application of a wide range of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system. DNA analysis is one component that may be used to place a suspect at a crime scene.
This is the kingdom of heterotrophs that obtain energy and nutrients from dead and decaying organic matter.
This is a segment of DNA on the chromosome that is coded for a particular trait.
The cutting of DNA by specific enzymes known as restriction endonucleases. The cut piece from one organism is added to the DNA of another.
This is the insertion of genes into an individual\'s cells and tissues to treat a disease, hereditary diseases in particular.
These are inherited diseases that cause negative, abnormal physical effects in organisms.
The process of manipulating the DNA code of living organisms.
This is the science of genes, heredity and variation of organisms.
The genetic makeup of an organism.
Geographical Information Systems
This is a system that integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information
This is a term used to describe a group of technologies that include a range of modern tools, such as remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS), and Global Positioning Systems (GPS), all which allow for mapping and analysis of multiple layers of georeferenced data.
This is a polypeptide hormone synthesized and secreted by the anterior pituitary gland which stimulates growth and cell reproduction in humans and other vertebrate animals.
This is the general condition of a body or organism.
This is the likelihood that exposure to a hazardous substance may damage the health of the exposed person.
An organism that harbors a parasite, mutual partner, or commensal partner, typically providing nourishment and shelter.
This is a system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
This is a procedure that is performed not in a living organism but in a controlled environment, like a test tube or Petri dish.
This is the transmission of a disease or infection when there is no direct human-to-human contact but instead from contaminated surfaces or objects, or from vectors such as mosquitoes, flies, mites, fleas, ticks, rodents or dogs
This is the introduction and multiplication of a host by a foreign species.
This term refers to diseases are caused by organisms called pathogens.
Pathogens can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protists. Pathogens can come from another person, a contaminated object, an animal bite, or the environment.
This is something that is capable of producing an infection or disease.
This is an acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs, caused by a virus, which rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics
This term means: To expose a subject to an infectious agent (such as a virus). It is often done to prevent the subject from getting a disease, in which case it is synonymous with the term \'vaccinate\'.
This is an agricultural production system characterized by high capital input, labor, and heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers relative to acreage.
He is known for the discovery and development of the first safe and effective polio vaccine.
This is the complete set of all chromosomes of a cell of any living organism. They are often displayed in a photograph of chromosomes that have been grouped into matching pairs.
This is the length of time an organism can be expected to survive.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
This is a non-invasive body imaging procedure that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to construct pictures of the internal structures of the body.
This is any substance used in treating or alleviating the symptoms of a disease or injury.
This is a random error/change in the DNA sequence. These may be inherited or occur in cells during the lifetime of the organism.
This term refers to diseases that are not caused by pathogens in the body.
They are not spread from organism to organism. These are diseases that are either inherited or caused by environmental factors.
This is a process of watching an experiment and noting what occurs.
This is an epidemic of infectious disease that spreads through human populations across a large region, like a continent or even worldwide.
This is an organism which feeds on, but usually does not kill, a larger organism.
This is a type of symbiosis where one organism benefits but the other is hurt.
These are disease-causing cells or organisms.
The physical expression of genes.
This is a circular, double-stranded DNA molecule that is capable of independent replication. It usually occurs in bacteria.
This is the creation of something new or the modification of an existing idea to satisfy a newly defined customer, want, or market niche.
This is a two-part process that ends in the assembly of proteins at the ribosomes within cells. The first part, transcription, begins in the nucleus, when the DNA code is transferred to mRNA. The second part, translation, takes place at the ribosomes, where both mRNA and tRNA work to assemble proteins.
This is an original, full-scale, and sometimes working model of a new product or new version of an existing product.
As opposed to applied science, which is concerned mainly with practical uses for scientific discoveries, this type of science is more concerned with formulating and testing new hypotheses and theories.
This is an artificial genetic sequence from combining two other sequences in a plasmid.
This is a DNA-cutting enzyme found in bacteria and harvested for use in DNA technology.
This is a way of knowing, that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.
occupations that draw on a knowledge, understanding and application of scientific principles.
The process of developing a cultivated group of domesticated animal.
This is a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, weakness, and skin eruptions with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars.
This is an undifferentiated cell whose \"job\" within the organism is yet to be determined.
This is the use of scientific tools to help make things easier and better.
These are organisms produced with externally introduced genes.
This is plant or crop that contains a gene or genes which have been artificially inserted instead of acquiring them through fertilization. The inserted gene sequence is known as a transgene and may come from an unrelated plant or from a completely different species.
This is the result of nondisjunction of chromosomes during meiosis. This mutation results in three copies, instead of the normal two. It can happen with sex or autosomal chromosomes.
Dead or weakened pathogens used to stimulate the production of antibodies.
A microscopic parasite that infects cells in biological organisms. They reproduce only by invading and controlling other cells as they lack the cellular machinery for self-reproduction.
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