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17 terms

Chp. 7 (From nationalism to sectionalism)

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Alexis de Tocqueville
French philosopher, politician, and author; his work, Democracy in America, encouraged Americans to form their own culture rather than mimicking that of Europeans
nationalism
sense of pride and devotion to a nation
sectionalism
devotion to the interests of one geographic region over the interests of the entire country
Monroe Doctrine
(1823) President James Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the America's and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility
Missouri Compromise
(1820) an agreement that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state and outlawed slavery in any territories or states north of the 36,31 N. latitude
spoils system
a politicians' practice of giving government jobs to his or her supporters
Indian Removal Act
(1830) a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans whi lived east of the Mississippi River
Trail of Tears
(1838-39) an 800-mile forced by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory
secede
break away from
Nullification Crisis
a dispute led by John C. Calhoun that said that states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the Constitution
Industrial Revolution
a period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s
National Road
aka the Cumberland Road, when it was completed in 1841, it strectched from Cumberland, Maryland 800 miles west to Vandalia, Illinois
Erie Canal
canal running from Albany to Buffalo, NY; completed in 1825
Robert Fulton
American engineer and inventor; built the first commercially successful full-sized steamboat, the Clermont, which led to the development of commercial steamboat ferry services for goods and people
Samuel F. B. Morse
American artist/ inventor; applied scientists'discoveries of electricity and magnetism to develop the telegraph
Eli Whitney
American inventor whose cotton gin changed harvesting procedures and enabled large increases in cotton production; introduced the technology of mass production through the development of interchangable parts in gun- making
King Cotton
name given by Southerners to indicate the economic and political importance of cotton production in the southern states