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20 terms

Egyptian, Greek and Roman Art

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Egyptian Tomb Art
5000 B.C. - 300 A.D, paintings on walls, religious and story telling, they give us insight to the lives of Egyptians and the things they believed in
Egyptian relief sculpture
Relief sculpture was a prominent part of ancient Egyptian traditions. They would make use of relief sculpture to decorate the walls of the tombs, temples and other important structures. They believed that decorating the tomb with relief sculptures ensured a blissful eternal afterlife. When used inside a temple the relief sculptures were believed to have magical powers that helped in performing important religious ceremonies and also served as a commemoration of royal deeds conducted in the Temple.
Bust of Queen Nefrititi
The Nefertiti Bust is a 3300-year-old painted limestone bust of Nefertititi, the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt. Due to the bust, Nefertiti has become one of the most famous women from the ancient world as well as an icon of female beauty. It is believed to have been crafted in 1345 BC. Sculptured and was painted over. It is religious
Egyptian jewelry
Ancient Egyptian Jewelry was produced during the following dates: 5550 BC - 30BC. Jewelry was used in daily life throughout the Pharaonic era until the Roman times. Egyptians were keen to keep a good number of jewelry pieces in the tomb; these were placed on the body of the deceased. A large number of such jewelry was found in tombs; for example, wreaths, crowns, or hair bands. On the head or wig, they fixed different types of ornaments, such as small roses, golden bands, and some simple bands of jewelry.
King Tut funeral mask
1341 BC - 1323 BC this is a sculpture, and painting. the purpose would be religious, aesthetic, storytelling
The death mask of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun is made of gold inlaid with colored glass and semiprecious stone. The mask comes from the innermost mummy case in the pharaoh's tomb
Pyramids at Giza
2600-2480 b.c this is a sculpture. the purpose is religious, history. The most prolific pyramid-building phase coincided with the greatest degree of absolutist pharaonic rule. It was during this time that the most famous pyramids, those near Giza, were built. Over time, as authority became less centralized
The Parthenon
448 - 432 b.c, clean marble, originaly painted, this was the central building for athena at one time
Greek column orders
5th century b.c, marble, archetectur and asthetic, doric is plain, ionic is slimmer with scroll at the top, corination is detailed with leaves
Ancinecnt greek statues
600 b.c, sculpture, asthetic, kuros is an archeic sculpture showing male, nude, frontal, ridged stance with no muscle definition
Kritios boy
480 B.C, a sculpture of a nude boy, it is secular and realistic, this is when Greece started to enjoy the human body and justify it realisticly.
King Lacoon an Sons
160 B.C. - 20 B.C, a statue of marble, religious, it teaches us about the greek gods
Nike of Samothrace
Modern excavations suggest that the Victory occupied a niche in an open-air theater and also suggest it accompanied an altar that was within view of the ship monument of Demetrius I Poliorcetes (337-283 BC). Rendered in white Parian marble, the figure[3] originally formed part of the Samothrace temple complex dedicated to the Great gods, Megaloi Theoi
Black Figured Greek Vase
7th to 5th century B.C, painting on pottery, religious and story telling, they tell us stories of the gods and goddesses
Red Figured Greek Vase
530 B.C. - 3rd century B.C, paint on pottery, religious and story telling, they tell us stories of greek life and greek religion
The Colosseum
70 - 80 A.D, architecture, ampitheatre, for entertainment, it taught us the history of gladiators and about Roman entertainment
The Pantheon
126 A.D, architecture, Roman temple, religious, housed the Roman gods, a place of worship
Statue of Constantine
312-315 A.D, a statue of Constantine the Great, political, it shows us how people worshipped the Roman government
Bronze statue of Marcus Aurelius
175 C.E, bronze statue, political, shows us how athletes were revered in ancient rome
Portrait Bust of Roman man
1st century B.C, bust of a roman man, secular, age, wiseness, and seriousness were revered so grouchy middle-aged men were often depicted
Pompeii Fresco from Villa of the Mysteries
79 A.D, ruins of a roman villa, walls are decorated with fine paintings of women and Dionysus, considered religious