psych 4 &5
Terms in this set (76)
Which of the following is a binocular cue to distance?
Which rule tells us that the stronger the stimulus, the bigger the change needed for a change in stimulus intensity to be noticeable?
A patient who suffered a traumatic injury to his arm had to have the arm amputated just above the elbow. He complains that he can still feel the missing arm and that it feels cramped in a painful position. What tool could help him feel better?
Numerous taste buds are contained in the little bumps called ________ on our tongues.
This part of the ear is shaped like a spiral with a bony outer portion and an inner cavity filled with a thick fluid.
As you walk into an elevator, you notice the powerful scent of perfume left behind by someone who has just exited. By the time you reach your floor, you find that you hardly notice the smell anymore. What phenomenon is at work?
Which term refers to our sense of smell?
A well-known motivational speaker encourages participants in a conference to walk across burning coals in order to gain self-confidence or spiritual enlightenment. Why should people question the validity of the firewalking activity?
The wood that is usually used has a low rate of heat exchange.
Six-year-old Carolyn does not need to wear glasses to read, but her 50-year-old grandmother, Ruth, does. The most likely reason is because
the lens loses its ability to accommodate as people age.
Which of the following is NOT one of the three body senses that work together?
When we try to integrate conflicting visual and auditory information, our brains calculate the most likely sound based on input from both sources, then makes its "best guess" to integrate the two. This is known as
the McGurk effect
The process whereby the nervous system converts an external stimulus into electrical signals within neurons.
There is a spot right in front of your eyes all the time that you don't notice you can't see. This region of the retina has no rods or sense receptors to capture light, yet your brain simply fills in the area based on what each eye does see. This is called
Which theory addresses signal-to-noise ratio?
signal detection theory
A number of illusions are used to illustrate that our perception does not always correspond to measurable reality. Which illusion uses converging lines to make one object appear larger than another that is actually the same size?
Perception of events outside the known channels of sensation is called
The intensity of the reflected light that reaches our eyes is known as
Which type of receptor cell is associated with seeing colors?
If you close your eyes and touch a sharp object, your initial contact with the object involves which process(es)?
__________ processing is conceptually driven and influenced by our beliefs and expectations.
Clara, the psychic, is addressing her audience prior to the show. She notices that two of the audience members are wearing military uniforms. After a brief conversation with one of the soldiers, she suggests to him that he may be experiencing some doubt over recent events that took place. Which process is Clara engaging in?
According to the opponent process theory of color vision, the correct pairings of opposite colors are __________.
black versus white, red versus green, and blue versus yellow
Cason is initially blinded as he walks out of a daytime movie. However, very rapidly his eyes begin to adjust to the bright light. What is the best explanation for his rapid recovery?
When light enters the eye, it first passes through what structure?
The ________ is a small circular opening that allows light to enter the eye.
Which of these is the most commonly abused drug?
Which of the following is NOT one of the results of accumulating a large "sleep debt"?
REM sleep is initiated by surges of which neurotransmitter?
Your friend Julie suggests you and she go to a hypnotist to get some help with losing weight. Julie claims the hypnotist can use the power of suggestion to get you to stop eating certain kinds of foods. Why might you want to be skeptical?
People can resist or oppose hypnotic suggestions at will.
In 1953, the Central Intelligence Agency launched MKULTRA, a research program in which LSD was administered to unsuspecting subjects, including
Which of the following factors does NOT play a role in a person's blood alcohol level?
According to Freud, during sleep the_______________ is less able to suppress sexual and aggressive instincts.
What percentage of the general population reports having had an out-of-body experience (OBE)?
What category of drugs includes codeine and heroin, and causes a sense of euphoria and a decrease of pain?
Which disorder is nicknamed "Sleeping Beauty Disorder" because it can cause sleeping for extended periods of time, like 15-year-old Louisa Ball, who routinely slept for two weeks at a stretch?
Our circadian rhythms work on a 24-hour basis to make regular changes to biological processes. Which of the following is NOT one of the processes?
Chemicals in ________ are similar to those found naturally in our brain.
The auditory hallucinations of psychotics differ from those of well-functioning nonpsychotics in that they are much more ________ and perceived to be beyond the individual's control.
Which of the following is NOT a myth about hypnosis?
Hypnotized people are aware of their surroundings.
Traveling across time zones can disrupt a person's biological clock, resulting in a phenomenon commonly called
Ward notices that as his supply of marijuana decreases he starts thinking more and more about where he can get another supply as well as feeling nervous and anxious. This is an example of __________.
The aldehyde 2 (ALDH2) gene may have a mutation that causes a distinctly unpleasant response to the ingestion of alcohol, including facial flushing, heart palpitations, and nausea. This gene is present in about 40 percent of people of ________ descent, who are at low risk for alcoholism and tend to drink less than people in most other ethnic groups.
Research by Susan Clancy (2005) found that many people claim to have had experiences or interactions with extra-terrestrial beings. A participant in her research assured them that their experience was likely real, and used hypnosis to draw out their repressed memories of the event. As it turns out the participant's entire experience may have actually been attributed to a bout of sleep paralysis, but this was not considered by the therapist. This case is an example of which concept of critical thinking?
ruling out rival hypothesis
A newspaper advertisement describes a book that offers interpretations of dreams. In attempting to tell readers the meaning of the symbols of their dreams, the author intends to describe the
Mrs. Lassey is taking medication to reduce the activity of her acetylcholine-producing neurons; what might happen?
She may dream less often, or not at all.
Which of the following may contribute to insomnia?
the clock on the wall
Which of the following drugs is categorized as a depressant?
Abdulkadir had a very strange thing happen to him last night. He was sound asleep in bed, and he was dreaming that he was at a party when he won the $250 million dollar lottery spin. As everyone was screaming, jumping up and down, and celebrating, Abdulkadir had the strangest sensation that he was actually dreaming. As it turns out, unfortunately, he was right. What principle explains this experience?
You just found our that your friend Willard is using crystal meth. What is your number one concern?
he will overdose
A client tells his therapist about a dream in which he drives his wife to the airport where she boards a plane. As the plane takes off, he is smiling. The therapist says the dream suggests a desire for a divorce. The therapist's interpretation represents what Sigmund Freud called the dream's __________.
Eric had a sleep-related experience where he reported feeling strapped down and unable to move or examine much of his surroundings. This inability to move that occurs just after falling asleep or just before waking up is called
Which class of psychoactive drugs works by increasing activity within the nervous system?
__________ involves the detection of energy by sense organs, whereas __________ involves interpreting sensory inputs.
A biological cycle, or rhythm, that is roughly 24 hours long is called a(n) __________rhythm.
Light, a central player in our visual perception of the world, is a form of
Even though many assume that alcohol is primarily a ________, it is, in fact, primarily a(n) ________.
During what stage of sleep are we most likely to experience a vivid dream?
The lowest level of a stimulus needed for the nervous system to detect a change half the time is called the
The fact that our eyes see near objects as being quite different while seeing distant objects as being quite similar is known as __________.
Jim is 56 years old and slightly overweight. His wife reports that he snores loudly. What sleep disorder seems to fit Jim's symptoms?
Which of the following is the best example of the signal-to-noise ratio?
Robyn has to shout over the boisterous crowd at the football game to be heard.
When Stewart wakes up at night and has to walk from his bedroom to the bathroom in the dark, he is most directly aided in this process by his
"I don't know what is wrong with me," says Lucy. "It used to take just a couple of drinks to get me 'going,' but now it takes four or five." What is Lucy exhibiting?
Changing the shape of the lens to focus on objects near or far is called
Our subjective experience of the world and ourselves is what psychologists refer to as
Sarah is a pianist who reports that she sees musical tones as colors. This is one example of
Ed often experiences an intense urge to sleep and has often fallen asleep for a few minutes while in business meetings, while driving, and talking on the phone. He is most likely to diagnosed as suffering from
Our ability to see action in movies, rather than a series of static pictures, is the result of
Roger feels something land on his hand but has yet to interpret that feeling in order to interpret or identify it. At this point in time, Roger has experienced which process(es)?
Morphine is classified as a __________ because it relieves pain and induces sleep.
Sleep research has continually shown that children spend more of their night getting deep sleep than do adults. This deep sleep corresponds to what stage(s) of sleep?
stages 3 and 4
Clay has played professional soccer for seven years and is easily able to tune out the sound of the crowd and all other irrelevant sensory information during the game. Bruce is a rookie and is often distracted by what his opponents are saying and the mood of the crowd. Clay and Bruce are showing differing levels of
The conversion of external energy into something that the nervous system can understand is known as
The need to take a drug in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms is an indication of __________.
Our visual sensory receptor cells are located in the
Chavonne has recently ingested a large dose of a popular designer drug. The drug is causing her to experience an enhanced state of well-being and self-confidence, and she is feeling highly empathetic toward others at the rave that she has attended. The drug she has most likely taken is __________.
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