Essential Computer Concepts
Terms in this set (36)
Temporarily holds programs and data while the computer is on and allows the computer to access that information randomly
A special, high-speed memory chip on the motherboard or CPU itself that stores frequently accessed and recently accessed data and commands
This is synchornized eith the processor to allow faster access to its contents
A space on the computer's storage devices that simulates additional RAM.
A chip on the motherboard that has been prerecorded with data.
The set of events that occurs between the moment you turn on the computer and the moment you begin to use the computer
The transmission of data from one computer to another or to a peripheral device.
The rules that establish an orderly transfer of data between a the sender and the receiver
This handles the transmission protocol between a computer and its peripheral devices
The data path between the microprocessor, RAM, and the peripherals along which communication travels
A high speed serial port which allows multiple connections at the same port.
Establishes the communications protocols that will be observed on the network and contorls the traffic flow os data travels
When computers and peripheral devices are located relatively close to each other, generally in the same building
This is more than one LAN connected together. The internet is the largest example of this.
When computers ad peripherals use high-frequency radio waves instead of wires to communicate and connect to the network.
A network that allows two or more devices located close to each other to communicate or to connect a device to the internet.
Uses short range radio waves to connect a device wirelessly to another device or to the internet.
A broad term that describes any program that is intended to cause harm or convey information to others without the owner's permission
Is like a locked door on a computer
Sites set up to try to convince customers of the real site to enter personal information, such as credit card numbers, social security numbers, and passwords.
An address on the web
The practice of sending emails to customers or potential customers of a legitimate website asking them to click a link in the email.
Helps the computer carry out its basic operating tasks
Allocates systme resources, manages storage space, maintains security, detects equipment failure, and controls basic input and output.
Another category of system software that augment the operating system by taking over some of its responsibility for allocating hardware resources
A programmer uses this to write computer instructions, and are also part of the system software.
Enables you to perform specific computer tasks
Document Production Software
Includes word processing software, desktop publishing software, e-mail editors, and Web authorizing software
A numerical analysis tool that creates a worksheet composed of a grid of columns and rows.
Database Management Software
Lets you collect and manage data
Allow you to create illustrations, diagrams, graphs, and charts that can be projected before a group, printed, or transmitted to remote computers.
Photo Editing Software
Allows you to manipulate digital photos
Multimedia Authorizing Software
Allows you to record digital sound files, and animations that can be included in presentations and other documents.
Information Management Software
Keeps track of schedules, appointments, contacts, and "to-do" lists.
Web Site Creation and Management Software
allows you to create and manage Web sites.
Object Linking and Embedding
Refers to the ability to use data from another file, called the source.