survery of drugs test #2

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four phases of the criminal justice system
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Terms in this set (45)
four phases of the criminal justice system
1. Prosecution and pretrial services
2. Adjudication
3. Sentencing and sanctions
4. Corrections
probation
the release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision
parole
early release from prison
drug trafficking
illegal production, transportation, sale, or purchase of drugs
simple possession
Possession for personal use without the intent to sell
Drug Paraphernalia
products that are considered to be used to administer, prepare, package, or store illicit drugs
Families Against Mandatory Minimums
United States sentencing commission, the American psychological Association, National Association, of criminal defence, lawyers
Rockafeller Drug Laws
Represented the harsh and flexible policies, tower, drug violations that were being enforced across the US
100 to 1 rule
refers to federal sentencing standards passed in 1986
5 grams of crack = 5 years (mandatory)
500 grams of powdered cocaine = 5 years
10 grams vs. 1,000 grams = 10 years
Fair Sentencing Act of 2010
Bipartisan legislation passed by the Congress aimed at repealing mandatory minimum sentences related to crack cocaine, sentencing laws
source control
Law enforcement actions that reduce or eliminate the cultivation and production of illicit drugs in foreign countries
pre-curser dog
Substances that are required to make illicit drugs
Certification process
The United States has the option of withholding foreign aid
Drug Interdiction
Efforts to prevent illicit drugs from being transported across the US border
Posse Comitatus Act of 1878
an act that limits the powers of local governments and law enforcement agencies in using federal military personnel to enforce the laws of the land