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Terms in this set (27)
Characteristics of the State
Population-must be inhabited
Territory- must have land
Sovereignty-the absolute power within its territory
Government-mechanism through which a state makes and enforces its policies
Presidential form of government
features a separation of powers between the executive and the legislative branches of the govvernment
Federal form of government
is one in which the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Who contributed most to writing of the Constitution?
Separation of Powers
In the presidential system the basic powers of legislative, executive and judicial are separated among the three distinct branches
Sociological factors to voting
Gender and Age
Religion and Ethnic Background
Geography or location
Family (other social groups)
When are Presidential elections held?
The first Tuesday after the first Monday in November (every 4 years)
Political Action Committees (PACs)
the political arms of special-interest groups and other organizations with a stake in electoral politics (help interest groups to gain public policy)
Marbury v. Madison
Brings to light the power of "judicial review" which is the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws/policies unconstitutional
Came about with this case of last minute appointment of judges
Brown v. Board of Education
Linda Brown not permitted to attend her neighborhood school because they were segregated. Court found that this was against the Equal Protection Clause(14th amendment)
One of the big cases during civil rights--working for equality
Ideas of the Declaration of Independence
The Preamble covers the reasons they are separating
The Declaration of Natural Rights-this section lists the rights to which all people are entitled
It also gives a List of Grievances that the colonists at this time had against the crown (King)--recall they use HE a lot
After the list of Grievances they officially declare their independence from Great Britain
Federal Election Commission=administers all federal law dealing with campaign finance. Set up in 1974
They deal with disclosure of campaign finance data, place limits on campaign contributions and limit campaign expenditures and provide public funding for several parts of the presidential election process
Federalist written for what purpose
Federalist=series of essays written by supporters of the Constitution
written to persuade people to ratify the Constitution in the state of New York
Presidential succession Act of 1947
Set up the order of succession following the Vice President.
The next two in line would be the Speaker of the House then the President pro tempore of the Senate
Necessary and Proper clause
constitutional clause that gives Congress the power to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" for executing its powers (goes along with implied powers)
Straight/Split ticket voting
Straight ticket= the practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election
Split ticket= the practice of voting for the candidates of more than one party in an election
How do dictator gain power? (autocracy and oligarcy)
typically dictatorships are militaristic and usually gain power by force.
dictatorships are authoritarian meaning that they hold absolute and unchallengeable authority over the people.
History of voting rights?
Looking at the timeline for expanding suffrage
1st stage=getting rid of religious, property and tax qualifications of voting in the states
2nd stage=15th amendment prohibits voting restrictions based on race or color
3rd stage=19th amendment removes voting restrictions based on sex/gender
4th stage=Voting Rights Act of 1905 enforces racial quality at polling places
5th stage= 26th amendment sets the minimum voting age to 18
Full faith and Credit clause
Constitutions requirement that each State accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State.
gave women the right to vote
set voting age at 18 years of age
Most important region of world for American Foreign Policy since WWII
Cold war relations with the USSR (Soviet Union) are based on...?
What war ended US isolationism?
Since WWII American foreign policy is based on...?
What did they agree to do at the Philadelphia convention?
draft a new Constitution
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