36 terms

Social 20-2: Internationalism Vocab Review

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unilateralism
The doctrine that nations should conduct their foreign affairs individualistically without the advice or involvement of other nations
bilateralism
foreign policy which involves two countries working together; agreements between 2 countries
multilateralism
International relations that refers to multiple countries working in concert on a given issue.
supranationalism
a policy by which countries agree to abide by the decisions of an international organization made up of independent appointed officials or representatives elected by member countries.
self-determination
The ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
humanitarianism
the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare
internationalism
A national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
gross national income (GNI)
The yardstick for measuring economic activity of a country, this measures the total annual income of a nation's residents.
tied aid
assistance given by one country to another that requires the receiving country to buy goods and services from the donor country
peacekeeping
An attempt by the UN to place itself between international belligerents to maintain an agreed peace.
United Nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Security Council
main organ within the UN responsible for maintaining peace and security; composed of 5 permanent and 10 rotating members with two year terms elected by the General Assembly
General Assembly
A part of the UN where all member nations are represented.
sanctions
Ban on trading goods.
Lester B. Pearson
created UN Emergency Force, father of modern concept of peacekeeping.
World Court
a court established to settle disputes between members of the United Nations
foreign policy
A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
domestic policy
A nation's plan for dealing with issues inside its borders
foreign aid
Economic, social or military assistance given to a country by another government or international institution
non-governmental organization
Non-profit, non-state organizations focused around issues
isolationism
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
international law
the body of laws governing relations between nations
Grand Banks
a rich fishing ground near Newfoundland, Canada
sovereignty
Government free from external control.
transnational company
A company that is branched out in many countries around the world. (Nike, Macdonalds)
NATO
An alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
European Union
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members.
World Trade Organization
An international agency which encourages trade between member nations, administers global trade agreements and resolves disputes when they arise.
Red Cross
an international organization that cares for the sick or wounded or homeless in wartime
WHO
a United Nations agency to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)
An organization that is not tied to a government
La Francophonie
An association of the French speaking countries that work to protect French culture around the world. It is significant because Canada is partly French speaking.
Arctic Council
Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States come together to discuss issues about the arctic
Inuit Circumpolar Conference
group of nations and nation states which help promote Inuit interests & rights/strengthening bond between the Inuit and other Indigenous Peoples who live in the Arctic.
NAFTA
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
a code of international law approved by the United Nations in 1982 that authorizes, among other provisions, territorial waters extending 12 nautical miles from shore and 200-nautical-mile-wide exclusive economic zones.