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Chapter 16

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Sojourner Truth
Woman who as a former slave and a prominent opponent of slaver and a powerful advocate of women's rights. She gave a famous speech in favor of women's rights known as the "Ain't I a Woman?" Speech.
Martin Delaney
One of the few Black leaders to take seriously the notion of mass re-colonization of Africa.
Frederick Douglas
Former slave and well-known abolitionist. Author of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass and publisher of The North Star, an abolitionist newspaper.
Peculiar Institution
Euphemism often used by Southerners to refer to slavery.
Denmark Vesey
A free Black man who led an ill-fated slave rebellion in Charleston in 1822.
Plantation System
Agricultural method that uses large estates along with indentured servants or slaves to produce a cash crop. This was particularly prominent in the South with producing rice, tobacco, and (later) cotton. An imitation of the feudal system.
Anti-slavery southerners
Most prevalent in the western counties of Virginia and eastern Tennessee (mountain whites) as well as in the steel-making regions of Alabama - areas that did not grow cotton.
Slave Revolts
Stono, Denmark Vesey, Nat Turner, etc... Slave rebellions were few and far between. They were violently repressed.
Theodore Weld
Prominent abolitionist of the 1830s. Author of American Slavery As It Is.
William Lloyd Garrison
Militant abolitionist. Publisher of The Liberator. Called on the North to secede from the South.
Elijah P. Lovejoy
Abolitionist newspaper editor and minister from southern Illinois. Printing press was destroyed four times. Killed by a mob in 1837. "The Martyr Abolitionist."
Liberator
Militantly abolitionist weekly edited by William Lloyd Garrison from 1831-1835. Had a relatively small circulation but achieved national notoriety due to Garrison's strong arguments.
Gag Resolution
Rule that required all anti-slavery petitions in the House of Representatives to be tabled without debate. An attack against the right of petition. John Quincy Adams fought against the resolution for years.
Nat Turner
Led a slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia in 1831. He said that he had seen a vision in which he was commanded to start the rebellion. The rebellion killed 60+ White people. Eventually he was arrested and executed.