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25 terms

World History Review

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The "Glorious Revolution" in 1688 in England was significant for
bloodlessly deposing James II in favor of William of Orange.
The English Bill of Rights
laid the foundation for a future constitutional monarchy.
Thomas Hobbes
stated that mankind was aninalistic, and needed a strong government to maintain social older.
John Locke's Two Treatises of Government was responsible for
emphasized the social contract between the people and government.
John Locke's philosophy contributed to the development of Enlightenment ideas by
that person's enrvironment, not by innate ideas implanted in the brain by God
The French philosophes
were literate intellectuals who meant to change the world by advancing reason and rationality
Above all, Montesquieu's The Spirit of the Laws was concerned with
maintaining balances among the various branches of government
Of great importance to the Enlightenment were the salons, which
a. gave social mobility to both men and women
b. were usually run by women but for male guests.
c. provided a forum for the serious discussions of the ideas of the philosophes.
**d. all of the above** (answer)
Enlightenment political thought advanced the concept of human natural rights including
freedom from taxation
The most immediate cause of the French Revolution was
the government's failure to resolve its debts and other economic problems
The third estate was composed of all of the following except
a. shopkeepers
b. peasants
**c. clergy** (answer)
d. skilled craftsmen
Compared to the American Revolution, the French Revolution was
a. more violent
b. more radical
c. more influential in Europe as a model of rebellion
**d. all of the above** (answer)
The Estates-General consisted of representatives of the three orders: the First Estate (clergy), the Third Estate (people), and the Second Estate, representing the
nobility
In 1789, the Estates-General was
divided over the issue of voting by orders or by head
The French revolutionary slogan neatly evoking the ideals of the rebellion was
"Libertym, Equality, Fraternity"
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
owed much to the American Declaration of Independence
The Industrial Revolution had its beginnings in
Great Britain
Britain's emergence as the first industrial power was aided by all of the following except
a. a rapid population growth and a surplus pool of labor
b. the agricultural revolution of the eighteen century
c. a ready supply of domestic and colonial markets
**d.Parliament's heavy and controlling involvement in private enterprise** (answer)
The Industrial Revolution in Britain was largely inspired by
entrepreneurs who sought and accepted the new manufacturing methos of inventions
The Infrastructure advantages in Britain promoting rapid industrialization included all of the following except
a. canals
b. roads
c. bridges
**d.internal customs posts** (answer)
The development of the steam engine during the Industrial Revolution
made Britain's cotton goods the cheapest and most popular in the world
The most frequent method employed to make the many very young boys and girls working in new British industries obey the owner's factory discipline was
repeated beatings
The rise of the industrial factory system deepely affected the lives and status of workers wo now
no longer owned the means of economic production and could only sell their labor for a wage
The European population explosion of the nineteenth century
was largerly attributable to the disappearance of famine from western Europe
Urbanization in the first half of the nineteenth century
was a phoenomenon directly tied to industrialization