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The "Glorious Revolution" in 1688 in England was significant for

bloodlessly deposing James II in favor of William of Orange.

The English Bill of Rights

laid the foundation for a future constitutional monarchy.

Thomas Hobbes

stated that mankind was aninalistic, and needed a strong government to maintain social older.

John Locke's Two Treatises of Government was responsible for

emphasized the social contract between the people and government.

John Locke's philosophy contributed to the development of Enlightenment ideas by

that person's enrvironment, not by innate ideas implanted in the brain by God

The French philosophes

were literate intellectuals who meant to change the world by advancing reason and rationality

Above all, Montesquieu's The Spirit of the Laws was concerned with

maintaining balances among the various branches of government

Of great importance to the Enlightenment were the salons, which

a. gave social mobility to both men and women
b. were usually run by women but for male guests.
c. provided a forum for the serious discussions of the ideas of the philosophes.
**d. all of the above** (answer)

Enlightenment political thought advanced the concept of human natural rights including

freedom from taxation

The most immediate cause of the French Revolution was

the government's failure to resolve its debts and other economic problems

The third estate was composed of all of the following except

a. shopkeepers
b. peasants
**c. clergy** (answer)
d. skilled craftsmen

Compared to the American Revolution, the French Revolution was

a. more violent
b. more radical
c. more influential in Europe as a model of rebellion
**d. all of the above** (answer)

The Estates-General consisted of representatives of the three orders: the First Estate (clergy), the Third Estate (people), and the Second Estate, representing the


In 1789, the Estates-General was

divided over the issue of voting by orders or by head

The French revolutionary slogan neatly evoking the ideals of the rebellion was

"Libertym, Equality, Fraternity"

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

owed much to the American Declaration of Independence

The Industrial Revolution had its beginnings in

Great Britain

Britain's emergence as the first industrial power was aided by all of the following except

a. a rapid population growth and a surplus pool of labor
b. the agricultural revolution of the eighteen century
c. a ready supply of domestic and colonial markets
**d.Parliament's heavy and controlling involvement in private enterprise** (answer)

The Industrial Revolution in Britain was largely inspired by

entrepreneurs who sought and accepted the new manufacturing methos of inventions

The Infrastructure advantages in Britain promoting rapid industrialization included all of the following except

a. canals
b. roads
c. bridges
**d.internal customs posts** (answer)

The development of the steam engine during the Industrial Revolution

made Britain's cotton goods the cheapest and most popular in the world

The most frequent method employed to make the many very young boys and girls working in new British industries obey the owner's factory discipline was

repeated beatings

The rise of the industrial factory system deepely affected the lives and status of workers wo now

no longer owned the means of economic production and could only sell their labor for a wage

The European population explosion of the nineteenth century

was largerly attributable to the disappearance of famine from western Europe

Urbanization in the first half of the nineteenth century

was a phoenomenon directly tied to industrialization

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