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OCR GCSE Revision Notes: Germany 1919 - 1945 Pt 9
How did the NAZIs deal with young people?
Terms in this set (16)
Why did the NAZIs place so much effort to control the lives of young people?
They are easier to influence
It was felt that if they got them at a young age they could keep hold of their support in later life.
How did the NAZIs try to control the ideas children were given at school?
History was dominated by German history - pointing out the 'November criminals' or causes of the hyperinflation in 1923 being a Jewish conspiracy
Science was given over to 'proving' NAZI scientific ideas of race.
Maths would be geared to use practical maths for things like planning military manoeuvres
How did the NAZIs try to control children outside of school
Organisations were set up like the HItler Youth and the League of German Maidens.
These would be involved in rallies, promoted health and physical fitness.
Camps in the summer would concentration on outdoor living and if you were a boy cleaning a rifle.
How did the NAZIs try to use children to increase their power in Germany?
They encouraged children to report anti NAZI statements by parents.
The Hitler Youth emphasised that young people's loyalty was to Hitler not their parents.
How did NAZIs make sure that teachers did not spread the wrong ideas in schools?
All teachers had to be members of the NAZI party.
Why might young people be influenced by the NAZI youth organisations?
They provided leisure opportunities
There was no real alternative organisations for young people in Germany.
Even so only 50% of boys and 15% of girls belonged to these NAZI youth organisations.
Did NAZI youth organisationkeep on being successful?
In 1939 membership to youth organisation was compulsory but the original leaders were taken off to join the army.
They were replaced by younger, more fanatical leaders.
How did the NAZIs use these Youth ORgansiations during the War?
The NAZIs focussed the organisation more on how they could help the military and prepare young men for being soldiers.
Who were the main two anti NAZI youth groups in Germany?
The 'Swing' Movement and the Edelweiss Pirates
What kind of young people joined the Swing movement and how did they express their resistance to the NAZIs?
Middle class teenagers and looked to English and US music and dances for influence.
They were deliberately 'slovenly.
They talked about and enjoyed sex
How did the NAZIs try to combat the influence of the Swing Movement?
They published a handbook to show people what to look out for such as:
overly English fashion sense.
What kind of teenagers were the Edelweiss Pirates?
Mainly aged between 14-17 Working class teenagers. This was the gap between leaving school and joining the army. They were disorganised and went by different names in different cities.
What were the characteristics of the Edelweiss Pirates?
They would go camping and sing anti-NAZI songs.
They taunted the Hitler Youth and sometimes fought them.
Also talked about and enjoyed sex.
How seriously did they NAZIs takes the Edelweiss Pirates?
In some cities very seriously. In December 1942 the Gestapo arrested over 700 teenagers.
However, the NAZIs couldn't kill them because of the outcry so sometimes they just ignored them.
How big a threat were the Edelweiss Pirates?
In Cologne in 1944 they helped to shelter army deserters and escaped prisoners.
They stole armaments and attacked the local Gestapo, killing it's chief. The NAZIs arrested many of them and hung 12 of the ringleaders.
What were the political views of the Swing Movement and the Edelweiss Pirates?
Varied but their main opposition to NAZI rule was because they resented how they controlled their lives.
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