Biological Evolution Vocab (Sets 1-8)
Terms in this set (48)
This is an inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance of survival.
This describes the evolution of many diverse species adapted to their specific habitats but having one common ancestor. This usually occurs when the original species is separated from each other completely, such as geographic isolation. When this occurs, the organisms adapt to different resources, leading to a new species.
This is an alternative form of a gene.
This is a molecule that contains both amino and carboxylic acid functional groups. They are the building blocks of protein.
These are structures which are similar in different organisms because they evolved in a similar environment, yet do not have a common ancestor.
This is the science that studies the structure and organization of bodies.
These are parents, parents of parents, etc
A major group of organisms, that are, in general, multicellular, capable of locomotion and responsive to their environment, and feed by consuming other organisms.
This is the kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls without peptidoglycan.
This is the process of intentionally interfering with the breeding process to encourage certain traits over others.
This is an organism that obtains its energy from inorganic substances or from the sun.
A cell that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds.
Base Pair Rule
This is the foundation for DNA replication, the rule that states the purine adenine (A) always pairs with the pyrimidine thymine (T) and the pyrimidine cytosine (C) always pairs with the purine guanine (G).
This is the actions of organisms in response to stimuli.
This is an activity or action that helps an organism survive in its habitat.
Number and variety of living organisms; includes genetic, species, and ecological types.
This is a toxic biological substance or disease-causing organism that is hazardous to the health of people.
This is the process by which organisms acquire traits through sexual reproduction and/or mutation and then pass on these traits to the succeeding generations.
The natural ability of an organism to overcome, retard, suppress, prevent infection, or avoid adverse abiotic factors. For example, some organisms natural immunity to certain diseases.
These are large chemical compounds, primarily consisting of carbon and hydrogen, that exist in living organisms.
This is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life.
This is a characteristic of multicellular organisms, particularly animals. A bilateral organism is one that is uniform about a plane running from its frontal end to its caudal end (head to tail), and has nearly identical right and left halves.
This is a survival adaptation by which an animal blends in and is hidden in its surroundings.
This is the result of uncontrolled cell division. Often caused by mutations. Mutations may be caused by environmental factors such as radiation or chemicals.
The maximum population which an area can maintain indefinitely.
This is the structural and functional unit of all living organisms, and are sometimes called the "building blocks of life."
The series of events in a eukaryotic cell that involve growth, replication and division.
This is the process of cell reproduction where cell splits into two daughter cells.
This structure provides support and protection for plant cells.
This is the the theory that describes protein building in this order: DNA to RNA to protein. DNA is transcribed to RNA which is translated to protein. Protein is never back-translated to RNA or DNA; DNA is never directly translated to protein.
This scientist is known for his work with natural selection, and he is known as the Father of Evolution.
This is a range of adaptations evolved by organisms which improve their survival rate when subjected to potentially harmful or lethal chemicals.
This is the structure in the cell nucleus that houses a cell\'s genetic information.
This theory of inheritance states that genes are located on chromosomes which undergo segregation and independent assortment.
This is a diagram which shows the evolutionary relationships among groups of organisms.
This is between Phylum and Order in Biological Classification scheme.
Placing an organism in sets of categories based on its characteristics.
These are the general weather conditions of an area over a long period of time.
This is a unexpected change in the average weather conditions experienced in a certain location over a period of time.
These are organisms that come from the same cell and are genetically identical to one another.
This is a 3 letter sequence of DNA or messenger RNA code that stands for one amino acid in a protein.
This is a type of evolution that occurs when two organisms living in a close association change and adapt along with each other.
This is the study of similar and different structures in organisms.
This occurs when 2 or more organisms or populations in a community rely or need similar limiting resources.
This is the process in which two chromosomes exchange DNA during prophase of meiosis.
These are the 13 different species of birds that are related in the Galapagos islands.
A genetic mutation caused by the loss of a chromosomal segment.
In evolution, ________ describes the appearance of new species from ancestors. Species which share ancestors are said to have a "common ________."