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20 terms

Egyptian, Greek and Roman Art

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Egyptian Tomb Art
5000 BC to 300 AD
A painting and a relief sculpture & this was a history and religious art work.
The images say to us that these were highly skilled artists with keen powers of observation.All Egyptian reliefs were painted, and less prestigious works in tombs, temples and palaces were just painted on a flat surface. Stone surfaces were prepared by whitewash, or if rough, a layer of coarse mud plaster, with a smoother gesso layer above.
Egyptian Relief Sculpture
6500 BC to 600 AD
Sculpture painting & this was a aesthetic and history art work.
A sculpture surface which is not freestanding, but projects from a background of which it is part. High relief or low relief is the amount of projection.
Bust of Queen Nefertiti
1345 BC
A Bust & this was a historyand political art work.
Nefertiti meaning "the beautiful one has come" was the 14th-century BC Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt.
Egyptian Jewelry
The whole Egyptian period.
A Jewelry Sculpture & this was utilitarian art work.
Jewelry played various roles in ancient Egypt. It had a religious and magical significance in the Egyptian ancient world by protecting the wearer from evil.
King Tut Funeral Mask
1323 BC
A sculpture and a bust & this was a utilitarian and aesthetic peice of art work.
The death mask of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamen is made of gold inlaid with colored glass and semiprecious stone.
Pyramids at Giza
2530-2470 BC
A architecture scultpture & this was a political and religious peice of art.
This was made by the Egyptian built by the slaves, it was a particular pyramid for the Pharaoh Khufu and its one of the oldest 7 wonders of the world.
The Parthenon
448-432 BC
A architecture sculpture & this was a political, religious, aesthetic, storytelling peice of art.
This symbolized the Athenians' wealth and power. The temple is dedicated to Athena Parthenos, a Greek goddess and the city-symbol of Athens. This temple served as a monument to Athena because they believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars.
Greek Column Orders
570 BC-560 BC
A architecture sculpture & this was a history and religious peice of art.
The Ionic columns normally stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the stylobate or platform; The cap is usually enriched with egg-and-dart. The Doric columns stood directly on the flat pavement of a temple without a base, their vertical shafts were fluted with 20 parallel concave groove, and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam that they carried.
Archaic Greek Statues
1200 BC
A sculpture & this was a history and utilitarian peice of art work.
In west greek, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models & in the east, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan.
Kritios Boy
480 BC
A sculpture & this was a history peice of art.
Made in the late archaic period of ancient greek sculpture, "the first beautiful nude in art", as Kenneth Clark thought it is a precursor to the later classical sculptures of athletes.
King Laocoon and his sons
1st century BC
A sculpture & this was a story telling piece of art.
It told Virgil's Aeneid
Nike of Samothrace
2nd century BC
A sculpture & this was a religious piece of art.
It honored the greek goddess Nike and it was a symbol of a winged victory.
Black Figured Greek Vase
6th century BC
A sculpture & this was a story-telling piece.
The first thing to actually have a visual appearance of what the human body should actually look like.
Red Figured Greek Vase
5th century BC
A sculpture & this was a story telling piece.
It showed more detail in the humans than the black figured vase.
The Colosseum
72-82 AD
A architectural sculpture & this was a political piece of artwork.
This was used for entertainment for others to watch as they killed people by putting them in their games.
The Pantheon
118-125 AD
Architectural & this was a religious piece of artwork.
Created for the Roman god and goddess; made of concrete and the only part of light came from a small circle at the top of the building.
Statue of Constantine
330 AD
A sculpture & this was a story telling and political piece of art work.
A statue of the roman emperor Constantine the Great. The head, arms, and legs were carved from marble & the rest of the body consisted of brick core and wooden framework
Bronze statue of Marcus Aurelius
161-180 AD
A sculpture & this was a historical peice of art.
It is made of bronze and stands 3.5 m tall
Portrait bust of Roman man
27 BD to 330 AD
A bust and this was a historical peice of art.
Pompeii fresco from Villa of the Mysteries
70 AD
A painting & this was a historical peice of art.
Even tho it was covered with ashes and other volcanic material, the majority of its walls, ceilings, and most particularly its frescoes survived largely undamaged.