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Chapter 28 Soft Tissue Trauma
Terms in this set (24)
Skin Body Organ
Largest organ of the body, major functions: protection, water balance, temperature regulation, excretion, shock absorption.
Three Major Layers of Skin
Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer.
The outer layer of the skin. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.
Layer of skin below the epidemics, rich with blood vessels, nerves and specialized structures such as sweat glands, oil glands, hair follicles.
Layer of fat and soft tissue below the dermis, shock absorbent and insulation.
Internal Injury, there is no open pathway from the outside to the injured site, result from the impact of a blunt object.
Bruise, there is pain, swelling, discoloration at wound site. Caused by a collection of blood under the skin or within the damaged tissues.
Swelling caused by the collection of blood under the skin or in damaged tissues as a result of an injured or broken blood vessels.
Injury caused when force is transmitted from the body's exterior to its internal structures. Bones can be broken; muscles, nerves, and tissue damaged and internal organs ruptured causing internal bleeding.
Injury in which the skin is interrupted, or broken, exposing the tissues underneath.
Scrapes and scratches on the outer layer, not all layers penetrated.
A cut, smooth or jagged.
Open wound that tears through the skin and destroys underlying tissues, shallow or deep. A perforating puncture wound has a entrance and exit wound.
Flaps of the skin and tissue are torn loose or pulled off completely.
Surgical or traumatic severing of a body part, usually an extremity.
Agent and source, depth, severity.
Involves only the dermis reddening of skin, some swelling.
Partial Thickness Burn
Epidermis is burned through and dermis is damaged. Causes reddening, blistering and a mottled appearance. 2nd degree burn.
Full Thickness Burn
All layers of the skin are damaged. Charred black or ashes that are dry and white. 3rd degree burn.
Any material used to cover wound that will help control bleeding and prevent addition contamination.
Material used to hold dressing in place.
A bulky dressing for profuse bleeding.
A dressing applied tightly to control bleeding. I
Any dressing that forms an air tight seal.
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