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In order to maintain the two great political parties as vital bonds of national unity, early-nineteenth-century politicians

avoided public discussion of slavery

The United States' victory in the Mexican War resulted in

all of the above

The debate over slavery in the Mexican Cession

threatened to split national politics along North-South lines

In 1848, the Free Soil party platform advocated all of the following except

internal improvements

According to the principle of "popular sovereignty" the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by

the vote of the people in any given territory

In the 1848 presidential election, the Democratic and Whig parties

remained silent on the issue of slavery

Of those people going to California during the gold rush,

a distressing high proportion were lawless men

The Free Soilers condemned slavery because

it destroyed the chances of free white workers to rise to self-employment

By 1850, the South

was relatively well off, politically and economically

During the 1850s slaves gained their freedom most frequently by

self purchase

In his Seventh of March speech, Daniel Webster

called for a new, more stringent fugitive-slave law

The Young Guard from the North

were most interested in purging and purifying the Union

President Zachary Taylor unknowingly helped the cause of compromise in 1850 when he

died suddenly and Millard Fillmore became president

In the Compromise of 1850, Congress determined that slavery in the New Mexico and Utah territories was

to be decided by popular sovereignty

The most alarming aspect of the Compromise of 1850 to northerners was the decision concerning

the new Fugitive Slave Law

The Fugitive Slave Law included all of the following provisions except

the requirement that fugitive slaves be returned from Canada

In light of future evidence, it seems apparent that in the Compromise of 1850 the South mad ea tactical blunder by

demanding a strong fugitive slave law

The man who opened Japan to the United states was

Matthew Perry

The United States' scheme to gain control of Cuba was stopped when

northern free-soilers fiercely protested the effort

Most American leaders believed that the only way to keep the new Pacific Coast territories from breaking away from the United States control was

to construct a transcontinental railroad

A southern route for the transcontinental railroad seemed the best because

the railroad would be easier to build in this area

Stephen A. Douglas's plans for deciding the slavery question in the Kansas- Nebraska scheme required repeal of the

Missouri Compromise

One of Stephen Douglas's mistakes in proposing the Kansas-Nebraska Act was

underestimating the depth of norther opposition to the spread of slavery

The new Free Soil party in 1848 found major support from those who

all of the above

In 1850, the South was deeply worried because

the Underground Railroad was carrying away hundreds of slaves each year, and California sought admission as a free state

The impact of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was to

enrage the antislavery abolitionists, and lessen the prospects for future compromises between the North and South

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