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The Ilkhanate in Persia began a rapid decline in the 1290s

after the government issued paper money

At Manzikert in 1071 the Saljuq Turks won an important victory over the


The Chaghatai khans ruled

central Asia

The late fourteenth century Turkish ruler who weakened the Golden Horde, sacked Delhi, and launched campaigns in southwest Asia and Anatolia was


Chinggis Khan sent troops into Persia in 1219

in revenge for the Khwarazm shah murdering his envoys

The environment of central Asia

does not receive enough rain to support large-scale agriculture

In 1206 the Mongols gave the title Chinggis Khan or "universal ruler" to


Chinggis Khan

did not establish a centralized government in the lands he conquered

Turkish military might was based on

their cavalry forces

In an effort to strengthen the Mongol fighting forces Chinggis Khan

formed new military units with no tribal affiliations

During the period of Mongol domination

long-distance trade became much less risky

Karakorum was

the central Asian capital of the Mongols

In regards to military and imperial pursuits, Khubilai Khan

had little success when he tried to conquer Vietnam, Cambodia, Burma and Japan

In regards to class structure the nomadic societies normally produced

a fluid breakdown into nobles and commoners

Khubilai Khan's religious policy featured

an attempt to incorporate the traditional Mongol shamanistic beliefs into China

The invasions of the nomadic Turkish and Mongol tribes between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries

facilitated greater cross-cultural communication and integration

Devastation wrought by the bubonic plague played a key role in the fourteenth century collapse of the


The Mongols brought about greater integration among Eurasian peoples by all of the following means EXCEPT

a common state religion

The largest empire of all time was created by


Mahmud of Ghazni's incursion into India in the eleventh century was inspired by

his own missionary zeal to spread the Islamic faith

The Delhi sultans

claimed authority over all of northern India

In 1279 Khubilai Khan proclaimed the

Yuan dynasty

Russia was dominated from the thirteenth through fifteenth centuries by the

Golden Horde

In 1295 the Ilkhan Ghazan converted to _______, which became the favored religion in Persia.


The earliest religion of the Turkish peoples was


The Mongol naval campaign against Japan in 1281

was aided by a favorable wind that the Chinese came to call kamikaze

In the tenth century the Turks living near the Abbasid empire began to convert to

Nestorian Christianity

During their time as rulers of China, Mongols

made tremendous use of native Chinese administrators

Yurts were

tents used by the nomadic Turks

All of the following acted as limitations on the development of central Asian societies with the EXCEPTION of

the nomadic lifestyle of the population

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