Which following word BEST describes the focus of the study of Human Development?
Developmental Psychology studies?
A. Cognitive development
B. Psychosocial development
C. Physical development
D. all of the above
All of the above
The age range of approximately 6-11 years refers to which of the following periods of development?
A. Early childhood
B. Middle childhood
D. Young adulthood
According the the text, which of the following is NOT one of the major divisions of the life span?
B. Infancy and toddlerhood
C. late adulthood
Shayla is dependent on adults to meet her basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter, and to provide attachment bonding. She is experiencing what type of developmental period?
C. Early childhood
D Middle childhood
Socioeconomic status is determined by all of the following except?
Tentative explanations or predictions that can be scientifically tested are called?
C. Research findings
"If children learn aggression from models, then children who watch violent television shows should be more aggressive than children who watch nonviolent shows." This is an example of....
Psychoanalytic theory was developed by
A. Sigmund Freud
B. Ivan Pavlov
C. Albert Bandura
D. Erik Erikson
As an adult, Mary spends considerable time each day cleaning her apartment, arranging her socks in a drawer until they are just so, and making schedules on a calendar. According to Freud, Mary is probably fixated in the ______ stage.
According to Freud, during early childhood boys develop sexual attachment to their mothers. Freud called this development?
A. The Electra complex
B. the unconscious complex
C. The Oedipus complex
the Oedipus complex
According to Erikson's psychosocial theory, a teenage girl would be facing the crisis of?
A. intimacy vs. isolation
B. integrity vs. despair
C. industry vs. inferiority
D. identity vs. identity confusion
identity vs. identity confusion
An example of Erikson's stage of initiative versus guilt would be
A. an infant learning that she can depend on being fed
B. a 3 year old trying to fill a cup with water and cheerfully wiping up the water when it spills
C.a 10 year old learning to read fluently
D. a teenager conforming to peer pressure
A 3 year old trying to fill a cup with water and cheerfully wiping it up when it spills
Which of the follwoing researchers worked with "Little Albert" in one of the earliest and most famous examples of classical conditioning in human development?
A. John B. Watson
B. Ivan Pavlov
C. B.F. Skinner
D. Edward Thorndike
John B. Watson
The principles of classical conditioning were developed by
A. John B. Watson
B. Ivan Pavlov
C. B.F. Skinner
D. Edward Thorndike
The psychologist who formulated the principles of operant conditioning was
A John B. Watson
B. Ivan Pavlov
C. B. F. Skinner
D. Sidney Pressey
B. F. Skinner
Any consequence of a behavior that increases the likelihood of that behavior being repeated is called
C. an averse event
D. classical conditioning
The principles of social learning theory were developed by
A. B.F. Skinner
B. Carl Rogers
C. John B. Watson
D. Albert Bandura
According to social learning theory, the most important element in how children learn a language, deal with aggresion, develop a sense of morality, and learn gender-appropriate behavior is
A. Classical conditioning
B. observation and imitation
C. Punishment of inappropriate behavior
D. Shaping of appropriate behavior
observation and imitation
Which of the following is NOT one of the cognitive stages through which a child progresses, as theorized by Jean Piaget?
D. concrete operations
A structure of organized patters of behavior that a person uses to think about and act in a situation is that person's
when research deals with objectively measurable data, this is a description of
A. Qualitative research
B. quantitive research
Professor Bailey watches Tehra closely through a one-way mirror as she participates in her social studies class. This is an example of what research method?
A. Clinical Study
B. Case Study
C. Naturalistic observation
D. laboratory observation
A strong correlation between variables does not necessarily mean that one variable_______ the other.
In an experiment, Professor Daley manipulates the ______ variable and then looks for an effect of that manipulation by measuring the _______ variable.
In an experiment, one group of children is given a drink each day with a special vitamin supplement. A second group of children is given the same drink but without the vitamin. Later, all children are given the same IQ test to see if the vitamin had an effect on intellegence. In this experiment, the child's scores on the IQ test would be the..
Dr. Ellie Cheetham follows the same group of children over a 10-year period, measuring their performance twice a year. This is which method of data collection?
Objections to Watson and Rayner's study of ______ stimulated the American Psychological Association to establish more stringent ethical guidlines for research studies that involved human subjects.
The right hemisphere of the brain is primarily responsible for _______ while the left hemisphere is primarily responsible for______?
Patient H.M. suffered from a on-going anterograde amnesia causing him to not...
transfer information to long term memory
When Jessie was asked to draw a picture of a flower, he only drew the left side. The right side of the paper was totally blank. This indicates that Jessie suffers from:
Damage to the left-side parietal lobe
The limbic system is referred to as the______ and includes the _____ and _______.
Emotional brain, thalamus, hypothalamus
Which of the following describes the path sperm travel after they enter the woman's body through the Vagina?
Cervix, Uterus, Fallopian tube
Tasha has just given birth to healthy twins. One of the twins has an X and Y chromosome, while the other has two X chromosomes. These Twins are:
The increased use of fertility drugs, along with delayed childbearing, has resulted in:
an increase in multiple births
In Human development class, Tasha and Vladimir learned that it is the chromosome of ______ that will determine the sex of the child they hope to have together.
Recessive inheritance occurs only when a person receives two_____ alleles; one from each parent.
Marlin has been asked to go on a blind date with his friend Roger's sister. If Marlin wants to know facts like hair color, body type, etc., Roger will need to describe his sister's....
A factor that increases the probability of having a baby with Down syndrome is
Increased age of mother or father
The zygote divides and implants into the wall of the uterus during which stage of gestation?
The dramatic reduction in risks surrounding pregnancy and childbirth has resulted from...
antibiotics, anesthesia, and prenatal care
Approximately two weeks before Elizabeth's due date, her obstetrician told her that the uterine and cervical changes that bring on labor had begun. This process is called?
The end of the second stage of childbirth is indicated by
The emergence of the baby from the mother's body
Frequent visits to the hospital nursery by parents of a low-birth weight baby
may speed the baby's discharge
Dr. Lakiavani is advising young parents on the things they can do to reduce the likelihood of SIDS in their babies. What is one?
Babies should be put to sleep on their backs
What physical description would most likely describe a child of what age: chubby, Potbellied, and a large head relative to body size?
1 year old
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants should be given what to eat?
Breast milk or iron-fortified formula for 12 months or longer
The realization that a person or object continues to exist even when out of sight is called?
Little mark plays with a balloon that pops in his face and frightens him. The next time he sees a balloon, he starts to cry. This type of learning is an example of?
Susie learned to sit on the floor and cry until she is given a piece of candy. This is an example of:
Lucy has no memories about her early life. Her first memories are of preschool when she was 3 years old. This inability to recall early events is called?
Teresa is beginning to show signs that she is cognitively aware that she is a functioning human being, seperate from the rest of the world. This is referred to as?
A person's characteristic way of approaching and reacting to people and situations defines that person's?
The ability of a child to feel what another feels, or would be expected to feel, in a particular situation is called:
The most important element in the assessment of the quality of a daycare is the?
the caregiver itself
Many poor children do not get adequate medical care because
their families dont have medical insurance
Recognition memory is what to recall memory in early childhood
better developed that recall memory in early childhood
According to the text, children are usually not physically ready to participate in organized sports until they are
about 6 years old
Handedness, the preference for using one hand over the other, usually becomes evident in children when they are about ____ of age
A child who can think logically about the "here and now" but not abstractly is in which of Piaget's stages?
Colton wanted another child's toy at school and behaved aggressively to get it. Once Colton got the toy he walked away. This is an example of?
Most teenagers are more concerned about their _______than any other aspect of their development
To be in sync with their brain's natural clock, or circadian rhythms, most adolescents need to...
go to bed late and get up late
The unhealthy diets of many adolescents place them at risk for all of the following except...
increased heart attacks
secret gorging on food followed by vomiting, fasting, or purging with use of laxatives is characteristic of
Lucy solves a chemistry problem by systematically testing several hypotheses. She is at what stage of cognitive development, according to Piaget?
The desirable outcome of the crisis of adolescence, according to Erikson, is being able to
see oneself as a unique person with a meaningful role in life
The intensity and importance of friendships, as well as time spent with friends, are probably greater in _______ than at any other time in the life span
According to Kohlberg, what is the stage of moral reasoning that cannot be reached until young adulthood?
A cluster of the traits of anxiety, hostility, depression, self-consciousness, impulsiveness, and vulnerability is called